Ali Kemal GÜMÜŞ Ali Kemal GÜMÜŞ

relative clauses
Intermediate level


In this lesson students learn about relative clauses through pair work and group activity based on jobs and favorite animals.


Abc flashcards about jobs,animals,places
Abc vocabulary worksheet for pre-teaching jobs animals and places
Abc Pair-work activity worksheet
Abc group work activity worksheet about jobs animals
Abc New English File 3C grammar activity-(pairwork and work-alone)

Main Aims

  • To provide clarification, practice and review of relative clauses in the context of jobs and some animals. By the end of this lesson they will have learnt how to make sentences in relative clauses and will have learnt the distiction between the use of "who" and "which". They will also learn how to use "where" in relative clauses.

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide clarification, review and practice of jobs and animals


Warmer/Lead-in (3-5 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

Show three or more pictures on a flashcard and ask what they are. Ask more questions and try to elicit them. First one will be a person, animal and a place (restaurant or parking lot) consecutively. write on the board: A doctor is a person. An emu is an animal. A restaurant is a place. They won't use relative clauses at this stage.

Highlighting/ exposure (2-4 minutes) • To draw students' attention to the target language

I will use all of the flashcards and elicit answers. Ask what is his job? What does a doctor do? What is this place? What is this animal? what does/can it do? Highlight the form on the board. A restaurant is a place. We eat there. Combine the two sentences. Ask Can I use "which" in this sentence "A restaurant is a place where people/we eat." If we can use it, how?

Clarification (8-10 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language

Show some of the flashcards. This time they answer flashcards in detailed answers. Make them make sentences in relative clauses. What is a doctor? What does he do? (make them combine the two sentences by gestures) What is a restaurant? What is an emu? I might ask "how many sentences can you make about this picture? (e.g. İt is an animal which lives in Australia, It is a bird which can not fly.) They will do the pre-teach vocabulary sheet.

Controlled Practice (11-13 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

Do the pair-work activity and practice the target language. They will have different papers from their partners and have missing information on their sheets. Reinforce their knowledge by the second part of the given worksheet, which is called "now work alone "activity.

Free Practice (8-10 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

Do group-work. They will pick an occupation and animal for themselves and walk around the class and use the target language. They will write down their friends name on their paper when they find the expected answer.

Semi-Controlled Practice (8-10 minutes) • To concept check further and prepare students for free practice (extra acitivity)

If the class finishes earlier than expected, They will do the activity taken from "new english file, after they have finished they will cover the text look at the pictures and try to remember the sentences. Model the procedure if they don't understand the instructions.

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