Brandon Mayer Brandon Mayer

Grammar - lanuage focus
Intermediate level


Students will engage with and express appropriate use of "if, when, unless, as soon as," etc. conjunctions and corresponding verb tenses.


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Main Aims

  • To provide opportunity to correctly identify verb use in relation to conjunctions "if, when, uless, etc."

Subsidiary Aims

  • To explore "if, when, unless, as soon as, until, before" etc. conjunctions in future context of the text, time, and frequency in real life situations.


Warmer/Lead-in (8-10 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students.

Students will discuss date, season, and weather. An introduction name and chant of "My name is _______ and I like _______ (an animal that begins with their letter name "B" Bear for example). Students will work in table groups putting in alphabetical order the seven continents of the world. (Travel theme). A representative from each table will write their answers on the board. We then will check answers with a correct answer sheet.

Exposure (8-10 minutes) • To provide a model of production expected in coming tasks through reading/listening through a reality-based context

Students will engage with and talk about photo prompts related to the lesson in the context of 'crossroads' situations in life. Our photographs will relate to the text with references to travel, marriage, having a baby, graduating. I'll elicit language from students by asking questions about the pictures, prompting potential themes and language concepts we will be discussing and working on.

Useful Language (8-10 minutes) • To highlight and clarify useful language for coming productive tasks in the text and exercises.

I'll distribute a bag with vocabulary words from the "At a Crossroads" text which may be problematic. Learners will pull words out from bag and we'll discuss the meaning of them. Students will place words on board.

Productive Task(s) (18-20 minutes) • To provide an opportunity to practice target productive skills

Learners will read 'At a Crossroads' text individually, referencing vocab words on board if necessary with an estimated 4-5 minute time frame to complete reading. Students will then read the questions in exercise 2 and discuss answers in groups of 2-3 or table partners. I'll guide the group discussion about the various answers. In GRAMMAR section we'll complete exercises 1 and 2 and first part of 3. We'll then move to p. 51 exercise 2a (7 questions), a controlled practice, and students will fill in the blanks with their own verbs in relation to the preceding conjunction, checking with partners and then writing answers on board. Students will complete exercises 1 & 2 Page 145 individually, checking with their table partners.

Feedback and Error Correction (8-10 minutes) • To provide feedback on students' production and use of language related to conjunctions and appropriate verb use with "if, when, unless, as soon as" etc.

Learners will apply knowledge of conjunctions and verb tense of future clauses by participating/correctly matching phrases and clauses in the context of 'Future Snap' word game. If time permitting, students will prepare their own if, when, unless questions and answers in relation to planning a dinner party or camping trip. "If you bring the tent, I'll bring the lantern." "When the drinks run out, we'll go to the bar."

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