Allison Munn Allison Munn

TP1 - Grammar: Present simple and present continuous
Pre-Intermediate level

Description

In this lesson, students will learn about the present simple and present continuous tenses through review and practice. First, students will discuss the differences between the two tenses and then look for examples in the transcripts of the previous listening activities. Next they will choose the correct form of the verb to fill in the blanks of a paragraph exercise. Finally, they will discuss time zones and what people are doing in different areas of the world at that moment. If there is time, students will practice creating examples using the present simple and present continuous tenses to describe themselves.

Materials

Abc Lifestyles

Main Aims

  • To provide clarification, review and practice of the present simple and present continuous verb tenses

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide the students practice creating their own examples using the present simple and present continuous tenses

Procedure

Warmer/Lead-in (3-5 minutes) • To start the students thinking about the difference of time between present simple and present continous

I will write two sentences on the board: 1) "She lives in Waldorf" 2) "Rob is waiting for his car." Then I will ask the students: 1) what are the verbs in these sentences? 2) What is the difference between the two sentences? (Answer I am looking for: the difference is in the timing. The first sentences describes a general/ongoing situation, while the second sentence describes something that is happening NOW, immediate time.)

Clarification (3-5 minutes) • To clarify and take a closer look at the difference between the present simple and present continuous verb tenses

I will then hand out the copy from the book and we will look at section 6 as a group. As they may have trouble with the terms: short-term, temporary, long-term, and/or regular, we can make a list of activities that fall under these categories for examples.

Highlighting (6-8 minutes) • To give students the opportunity to review the information we just covered in group practice

I will divide the students into 3 groups and hand out a listening transcript for one of three conversations covered by Gokce to each group (one per group). I will ask them to find and underline examples of present simple and present continuous verbs in the script. When they have finished, I will ask pairs to choose an example and explain why that verb tense was appropriate for the given situation, using time to justify their answer.

Controlled Practice (10-12 minutes) • To concept check through more productive practice.

Now the students will look at part 7 to reproduce what they've learned in controlled practice. I will ask them to complete the passage alone and we will review as a class. If some students finish before others, I will ask them to check their answers with each other while we wait for the rest to finish. I will then project the paragraph on the board and ask students to write the answers in the paragraph. We will review as a class.

Semi-Controlled Practice (8-10 minutes) • To concept check further and prepare students for free practice

Now we will take a look at part 8. First I will introduce the term "time zones," and I will check that the students are familiar with this word/concept. I will project a map of the timezones on the wall and have students refer to this map to think about what time it is in different parts of the world. I will ask them to choose different countries and consider what might be going on there at that time. Ex: What time of day is it? What activities are people doing there? Is this something they do everyday? What verb tense should we use to talk about this? I will have students work in the groups at their table and write down sample sentences to share with the class.

Free Practice (4-6 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

If there is free time at the end of the lesson, I will then ask students to work with a partner and think of example sentences that describe themselves using the present simple and present continuous tenses. I will ask them to write these down and save them for the next lesson with Pinar.

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