Seosamh Mac Giolla Phadraig Seosamh Mac Giolla Phadraig

Seosamh Mac Giolla Phadraig - TP8 October 26th, 2018
B2+ Upper Intermediate level


In this lesson, students will learn about 'used to' as a means of talking about things that happened (regularly or repeatedly) in the past but which are no longer true in the present.


No materials added to this plan yet.

Main Aims

  • To learn about 'used to' as a means of talking about things that happened (regularly or repeatedly) in the past but which are no longer true in the present.

Subsidiary Aims

  • To practice reading for gist and speaking using the target language.


Warmer/Lead-in (3-4 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

Project PPT Slide 2. Who's that in the picture? What are the differences between the photos? What tense do we use to describe the 'today' photo? What about the '1980s' one? Project PPT Slides 3-9 quickly. Tell Ss each pair will receive a H/O with one of the PPTs and they must discuss the then and now situation. Student A can describe the then photo and Student B can describe the now photo. You will discuss your photos for two minutes? ICQ - What do I want you to do? Who describes the 'then' photo? How long do I want you to discuss it for? Give out H/Os. Monitor the activity. Get FB from one or two pairs.

Exposure (8-9 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through a text 'Life Without Money'.

Project the 'Life Without Money' picture of Mark Boyle. Tell Ss they will read about this man in a few minutes. Ask Ss to guess why the article may be interesting. As they read it, Ss should underline all tenses about the past. They have 6 minutes to read the article. ICQs What's the man's name? What do you need to underline as you read it? How long have you got? Give H/Os and monitor to make sure Ss are underling past tense forms. Tell Ss to compare with their partner. Project it again and ask for the gist of what the text was about? Ask random Ss to come forward and underline past tense forms. Project highlighted words. Draw Ss attention to 'would' and 'used to' 'got used' etc.

Highlighting (2-4 minutes) • To draw students' attention to the target language

What do think 'used to' means? Project Rome visit example. Eliciti meaning from Ss selecting the correct statement for each picture. Project Grammar Analysis H/O. Ask Ss in pairs to discuss the number of different grammatical patterns they see. Tell them that 'Would' is 1. What do think each one means? Get Ss feedback.

Clarification (7-9 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language

Project Grammar Analysis HO and draw Ss attention to Active Grammar. Tell them they will work together in new pairs to complete a matching exercise. They should match examples with the rule. They have 5 minutes to complete the activity. Swap pairs. Tell them to start the task. Monitor and provide FB and clarification while Ss work on the activity. Check answers with WC. Show answers. LA with MFP.

Controlled Practice (5-6 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

Project Grammar activity. Tell Ss they need to complete Exercises 1 and 2. When they are finished, they can check their answers with their partners. They have five minutes to do this. Project Grammar actiivty again. Get FB. Provide FB.

Semi-Controlled Practice (3-4 minutes) • To concept check further and prepare students for free practice

Project Picture of Evgeny. Ss suggest what has happened to him. Tell Ss that class will be divided into pairs. Each pair must write one sentence about Evgeny. Half the pairs have to write a 'Then' and the other half 'Now' Sentences'. Then sentences must be written as 'used to'. Tell Ss when they have finished they must stick their sentence on the board. Tell them to use the sheet from the warmer as a guide. 2 minutes to do this. ICQs What must you do? What must 'Then' pairs use? Give sentence handouts to pairs. Monitor activity while Ss write sentence. Give feedback on sentences.

Free Practice (5-7 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

Tell Ss they will mingle by doing a survey. Project survey. Tell them to need to walk around the class. The question is always the same but the answers you give should be different. They have five minutes for this task. ICQs Should your answers always be the same?

Delayed Correction (2-3 minutes) • To provide FB to Ss on the Freer Practice stage

Write up mistakes and get Ss to analyse them in pairs. Write up good example of TL.

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