Past Simple Lesson (was/were/can/could)
To provide practice of past form of "to be" (was/were) and "can" for ability (could)
To provide accuracy speaking practice in a question-answer in the context of life and skills
Procedure (30-45 minutes)
Show the pictures from the powerpoint and introduce a scenario about yourself: where you are now, where you were last year, languages you can speak now and she could speak 20 years ago, sports you can do now and in the past, etc. Ask these concept checking questions: "Is it now or in the past?" "Can I do it now?" Model and drill the past example sentences. Sentences in the PPT : "I am in Izmir now." - " I wasn't in Izmir last year. I was in Edirne." "I can swim now. - "I couldn't swim a few years ago." "I couldn't speak English 20 years ago." - "I can speak English now." "I can do thai-boxing now." - "I couldn't do thai-boxing two years ago." "I could run fast 20 years ago. -"I can't run fast now."
Focus on the photos to reinforce the concepts of present and past. Ask Ss "Is she in her twenties here?" and "Is she in her twenties here, too or younger?" Give instructions for the listening: "Listen to the audio and answer the questions." Play number 1 and elicit true answers to each question. Play the rest of the recording. Ss do the task and check in pairs. Monitor and give delayed feedback.
When Ss have finished, go through the exercise with them. Then show the sentences on the PPT. Model and drill examples with was-were, wasn't-weren't, could-couldn't. Focus on th weak vowel sounds of "was" and "were" in statements and questions, and the strong vowels in short answers and negatives. Then quickly go through the chart. Ask Ss to fill in the chart in pairs. Monitor and give feedback. Show prompts from the PPT and elicit more examples.
Pair Ss as A-B for exercise 2. Show/demo if necessary : "Work with your partner. Student A; ask the questions. Student B; answer the questions in exercise 1" Monitor Ss for grammatical and pronunciation problems. Give delayed feedback. Remodel and drill if necessary.
Give students the handout with the prompts. Instruction: "Stand up. Find two friends and ask questions with the prompts. Where were you at 8:00 this morning?" Direct the question to one of the students and elicit the answer. Then get them to mingle, pick up good use and errors in pronunciation and grammar. Elicit correction of errors verbally in whole class feedback.