Passive Voice: Past and Present
Intermediate level


In this lesson, Ss will be introduced to passive voice in past and present. They will have an opportunity to see the difference between an active and a passive sentence in past and present through comparison.


Abc HOs
Abc Powerpoint by Teacher

Main Aims

  • To provide clarification and practice of Past Simple Passive through the context of important events in the past.

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide fluency and accuracy speaking practice in a conversation in the context of important events in the past.


Warmer/Lead-in (2-3 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

Show Ss the pictures and have them discuss the Qs for about 1 minute or two. Elicit answers. ***

Exposure (6-8 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through a text or situation

Have Ss match the sentences on the left side of the board with their ends on the right side with a pair for 2 minutes. *** Elicit answers from pairs and draw lines to match *** Now show the version where the verbs are omitted together with the doers of the actions and have Ss try to write the sentences to see if they remember them in pairs. *** Show the finished version as an answer key.

Highlighting (2-4 minutes) • To draw students' attention to the meaning of target language

Have Ss look at the sentences on the board and have them discuss the Qs asked for 1-2 minutes with a pair *** Give w/c FB and highlight the meaning through the CCQs.

Clarification (6-8 minutes) • To clarify the form and pronunciation of the target language

Write "be + V3 (past participle)" to the top of the board and write the already given example sentence "My phone was stolen" and "the cars were washed" in the middle. Draw arrows from the top to clarify the form. Model pronunciation and drill with Ss. *** Ask Ss "how can we make these negative?" and write "not". *** Ask the Ss now how you can turn these sentences into yes/no questions. Elicit answers. *** You can also go a step further and elicit wh- Qs (optional) depending on the class.

Controlled Practice (8-10 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

Have Ss complete the worksheet to clarify form for 5 minute alone. Then have them pair check their answers for a minute *** Give w/c FB on the board

Free Practice (8-10 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

Have Ss prepare their quizes in Simple Past: Passive with about 5 Qs. *** Have them stand up and make a line, asking and answering their partner's Qs. If the partner doesn't know the answer, or doesn't answer correctly, you should give the correct answer with a full sentence. *** If time, change partners and tell your new partner the most interesting thing you learnt from your ex-partner.

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