> GRAMMAR | can, have to, must > VOCABULARY | education > PRONUNCIATION | weak forms: have to
Pre-intermediate B1 level


Ss revise and practise can, have to and must for obligation in the context of education.


Abc Speakout Pre-Intermediate (2nd edition)
Abc Worksheet - School Rules
Abc Worksheet - The class contract
Abc Worksheet - Job descriptions

Main Aims

  • To provide review and practice of can, have to, must in the context of Education

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide clarification and review of education in the context of school


Warmer/Lead-in (3-5 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

Ask: Where did you go to school? Did you like it? Why/Why not? Discuss the topic briefly with the class.

Exposure (8-10 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through a text or situation

Check the meaning of the subjects in the box ( use the photo bank if necessary). 2A) Ss complete the phrases and compare answers in pairs. 2B) Ask Ss: Which of these things did you do at school? Did you enjoy them?

Highlighting (2-4 minutes) • To draw students' attention to the target language

3A) Give ss 3-4 mins to discuss the questions. In feedback ask ss opinion and reasons. 3B) Ss read the text and match paragraphs 1-3 with topics. Check new vocabulary from the text. 3C) Elicit ss ideas. Discuss. Ss should underline what they think is the best/worst idea.

Clarification (8-10 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language

Grammar 4) Ss do the exercise. Monitor. Draw the table on the board and invite ss to write the verbs in the correct places. Check meaning and form. Ask ccq for each sentence. Is it necessary/possible/allowed? 5A) Ss complete the text with can/must/have to. 5B) Ss listen to weak forms of have to.

Controlled Practice (8-10 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

6) Ss write down their ideas for the questions. Monitor. Ss compare their ideas. Invite ss to give their opinions to the class. Worksheet - School rules.

Semi-Controlled Practice (8-10 minutes) • To concept check further and prepare students for free practice

Speaking 7)Ss read the statements and discuss. Check/teach - national anthem, get in. Worksheet - The class contract.

Free Practice (8-10 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

Worksheet - Job descriptions.

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