Qazal Qazal

comparison between must in obligation and logical conclusion/deduction
intermidate level


in this lesson Ss firstly review the usage of must in different situations of obligation and deduction that they learnt in advance. Secondly they realize how to compare must in such contexts that signify obligation with those contexts that declare logical conclusion.


Abc conversation

Main Aims

  • To provide review, practice and clarification of obligation and logical conclusion in the context of a conversation between two colleagues on living a healthy life

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide clarification and practice of vocabulary about lifestyle in the context of a conversation between two colleagues on living a healthy life


Warmer/Lead-in (3-5 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

warmer is normally done by greeting and checking the homework and not necessarily related to main aim. on the other hand, Lead-in is always related to the subject of the lesson. for example for teaching the target language of this session, teacher can ask Ss to discuss about different ways of keeping body healthy by stop smoking, avoid fatty food, drinking less coffee etc.

Exposure (8-10 minutes) • To provide a model of the task and highlight useful words and phrases

in this lesson for increasing the opportunity of Ss for acquiring language a conversation between two colleagues on living a healthy life is included. this conversation includes many examples of `must` in obligation and logical conclusion that highly increases the chance of learning the target language without any trouble.

Task (8-10 minutes) • To provide an opportunity to practice target productive skills

in this part Ss must firstly give a sensible diet to patients as a doctor. secondly give some logical advices on living a healthy life that works for many groups of people from different ages.

Planning (6-8 minutes) • To provide an opportunity to plan students' reports

Ss in pair works or group works share their ideas about given task and write them on a piece of paper.

Report (6-8 minutes) • To allow students to report on how they did the task and how it went

in each group one of the students report what they discussed- different ways of keeping body healthy from a doctor view-to the whole class.

Language Analysis (6-8 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the task language

teacher focus on those part of the target language that Ss didn't understand or had trouble with. clarification is done by writing the wrong examples that Ss gave and correcting them. so that students will learn how to use the language correctly.

Language Practice (8-10 minutes) • To provide students with practice of the task language

this part is presented by a discussion on a specific subject that Ss are allowed to use their previous knowledge and target language.

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