Qazal Qazal

comparison between must in obligation and logical conclusion/deduction
intermidiate level


in this lesson Ss firstly review the usage of must in different situations of obligation and deduction that they learnt in advance. Secondly they realize how to compare must in such contexts that signify obligation with those contexts that declare logical conclusion.


Abc conversation

Main Aims

  • To provide clarification, review and practice of obligation and logical conclusion in the context of a conversation between mother and her daughter on visiting a doctor

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide practice of common health problems in the context of a conversation between mother and her daughter on visiting a doctor


Warmer/Lead-in (3-5 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

warmer is not necessarily related to the subject of the lesson. also this step is normally doe by greeting and checking the homework as well. on the other hand,Lead-in is always related to the subject of the lesson. for example for teaching the language target of this session, teacher can ask Ss to discus about the experience of visiting a doctor or dealing with different health problems in different situations.

Exposure (8-10 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through a text or situation

Exposure gives the Ss the chance to acquire language. Moreover, the students will be already familiar with the content before the teacher focuses on the grammar or vocabulary. This lesson includes a conversation between a mother and her daughter on visiting a doctor in which `must` is used as a way of showing obligation and logical conclusion.

Highlighting (2-4 minutes) • To draw students' attention to the target language

in this lesson Ss are asked to find different examples of `must` from the conversation they heard.

Clarification (8-10 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language

in this step the differences of `must` in obligation and logical conclusion will be clarified by asking proper questions, giving example with options and also including information gap.

Controlled Practice (8-10 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

controlled practice is done by trying to provide proper contexts that make Ss to use new language. For instance by asking for the rules they have to obey in order to practice obligation and trying to present deduction for practicing logical conclusion.

Semi-Controlled Practice (8-10 minutes) • To concept check further and prepare students for free practice

Ss in pair work or group work discus language target and report the idea of their peer(s).

Free Practice (8-10 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

this part is presented by a discussion on a specific subject that Ss are allowed to use their previous knowledge and target language.

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