Anastasia Anastasia

Group 1 - [8.08.]
Pre-Intermediate level


Grammar Must/Mustn't/have to


No materials added to this plan yet.

Main Aims

  • To provide clarification of modal verbs in the context of countries

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide fluency speaking practice in a conversation in the context of rules in different countries


Home task check, Quizlet Test (20-25 minutes) • To check the home task

Ss check in pairs. OC. Ss do the test individually. Check in pairs. OC.

Lead-in (3-5 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

You know that in every country there are some rules. What rules do you know?

Test #1 (8-10 minutes) • To gauge students' prior knowledge of the target language

Ss do Ex. 1 individually. Check in pairs. OC feedback.

Teach (10-15 minutes) • To clarify areas of the target language where students had difficulty in the first test stage

Clarify: must - necessity, mustn't - prohibition. If we say must, do we mean that it is a rule? Yes. If we say mustn't, do we mean that it is forbidden? Yes. Focus on the form in a sentence, negation and question. Pronunciation. - Complete office rules - listen to pronunciation track #22 Do we pronounce 't' in mustn't? No. Clarify 'needn't' - no necessity.

Test #2 (10-15 minutes) • Check students' use of the target language again and compare with the first test

Ex. 10 - in pairs. Ex. 11 individually. Check in pairs. OC.

Free practice (13-15 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

Ss work in pairs/groups. This is my friend Tom. He is coming from the USA next week and he has asked me to tell him about the Ukrainian culture and what people must and mustn't do in Ukraine. Especially, foreigners. Please make a list of 6 things he must know about. e.g. you mustn't kiss a person on the cheek when introducing yourself. You have 5 minutes for this. Switch the places and share your ideas. Make 1 list out of 2 lists. OC. Feedback on accuracy.

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