Melda Işıkyıldız Melda Işıkyıldız

Elementary level


In this lesson, the students will learn about the grammar topic "can and can't" through a reading text about what can be done in an airport. The students will read the text first and then try to guess whether it is a possibility or ability situation. After some drilling and grammar clarification, the students will have a short discussion the best way to get from a series of given points in Istanbul or across Turkey.


Abc Travel Forum Text
Abc Record for 5.5
Abc Map of Istanbul and Picture of Myself
Abc Gap-fill Grammar Box
Abc Sentences from the text
Abc Record for 5.4
Abc Gap-Fill Handout

Main Aims

  • To provide clarification of can and can't in the context of what can be done in an airport

Subsidiary Aims

  • To develop students' reading skills for gist
  • To improve the students' listening skill for specific information.


Lead in (3-4 minutes) • To get students to engage in the context and gather their attention.

Talk about a time when you have to wait for 3 hours. Tell them what you did while you waited. Ask ss what they do when they have to wait. Students speak with each other. Give them feedback.

Reading for Gist (4-5 minutes) • to improve their reading skill for gist while checking the answers from the text.

Ask ss to check their predictions from the text. Tell students that there are going to be new words they don't know. Tell them not to worry about it. Students read the text to see if their predictions are the same or different. Give them feedback

Grammar Clarification-The meaning (4-5 minutes) • To make them understand the meaning of the structure "can and can't)

Tell ss that the text uses same language with can and can't. Prepare two categories named Possibility and Ability and stick them to the board. Print out the "can and can't" sentences from the text seperately and give them to students. Ask them to read the sentences and put them into categories in pairs. (if they are less than three students, alone.) Do one for example. Monitor and ask them to come to the board and stick their sentences. Give feedback.

Grammar Clarification- The form and Pronunciation (4-5 minutes) • to help them understand the form of "can and can't" and pronounce it.

Prepare a grammar box. Ask ss to fill the blanks in pairs. (again, alone if they are less than 3) Monitor. Ask them to check their answers. Give feedback. Do drilling.

Controlled Practice (3-4 minutes) • to higlight the form one more time.

Cutting Edge SS Book Elementary page 45. Ex 1.a Ask ss to fill the blanks. Pair check. Play the record for feedback.

Consolidation (Optional) (4-5 minutes) • To improve the listening skill for specific information.

Page 45. Ex. 2 Ask ss to listen Mei Ling talking about things you can and can't do in Hong Kong. ICQ for putting ticks and cross. Play the record. Monitor. If they cannot do it. Play it one more time. Pair check. Feedback.

Freer Practice (10 minutes) • to improve the speaking fluency and accuracy with using the structure "can and can't".

Prepare a map of Istanbul. Give them series of points in Istanbul and the means of transport options. Print out a picture of yourself. Put the picture to a point and ask ss how to get there from British Side. Let them think for a minute and then ask them to discuss in pairs. (If pair work is not an option, ask them to think, make notes and then talk to each other one by one.)

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