Funda karao─člu Funda karao─člu

Elementary level


In this lesson, students learn about "can/can't" to use for possibilities and abilities in the context of travelling. They will have a chance to practice the target language through some reading and listening activities.


Abc pictures
Abc reading handout
Abc recording
Abc fill in the blanks handout
Abc sentences on slips of paper
Abc recording 5.5
Abc Listening handout

Main Aims

  • To enable students to understand and use the modal verbs "can/can't" for possibility and ability in the context of travelling.

Subsidiary Aims

  • To practise the TL through some listening and reading activities.


Lead-in (5 minutes) • To introduce the lesson and create interest in the topic of travelling

-show pictures of people waiting at an airport, a train station and a bus stop -elicit what these people are doing -ask them what they can do if they have a flight and they have to wait long at the airport -they discuss with a partner -FB- WC Instructions and ICQs -Discuss with your partner and write down your ideas. what you can do at an airport? Are you going to talk about a train station or an airport?

Reading for gist (6 minutes) • to check their ideas for the previous acitivity

-to check their predictions, they read a text from a webpage (travel forum) individually -pair check with their partner -FB- WC Instructions and ICQS -Now you will read a text to check if your guesses are correct or not. - It's about two people who want to go to Thailand. They need to wait at Hong Kong airport for a long time, and they are asking people about the airport. -Read what other people say about Hong Kong airport. -Check if your predictions are correct Are you writing anything?

Grammar clarification (10 minutes) • to enable students to understand when and how to use "can/can't"

-tell them to go over the text again and find 2 sentences with "can" -write them on the board and underline -can- -drill the sentences -ask them what -can- means -explain them "can" means ability, in other words you know how to do sth -ask if it means ability here or not -elicit the meaning of possibility -CCQ: Does ability mean you know how to do something or it's possible to do it? -give them sentences on slips of paper (1 for each) and tell them to make the sentences negative and questions -elicit the negative and question forms and drill them as well -elicit the form of the verb after "can" Instructions and ICQs -Read the text again and find 2 sentences with "can" (write the word on the board) -Read the sentences and think. How do you make it negative? How do you make it a question? -Are you writing a new sentence or changing this?

Controlled practice (5 minutes) • to provide further practice of TL

-tell them to read those sentences about Hong Kong airport. -they read and complete the sentences with "can" or "can't". -pair check -FB with a recording Instructions -Read and complete the sentences with can or can't

Listening for specific information (6 minutes) • to practice listening for specific information

-they read the information about Hong Kong and try to guess which ones they can do in Hong Kong -listen to the recording and tick the things they can do, cross the things they can't do -pair check -WC FB Instructions and ICQs -Read this information about Hong Kong -Try to guess which ones you can do in Hong Kong Are you writing or thinking? -Listen to the lady. Tick the things you can do, cross the things you can't do in Hong Kong Tick is for? (can), cross is for? (can't)

Freer practice (13 minutes) • to enable them to practice the target language

-they work in pairs and everybody chooses a city that they know -in pairs they ask each other questions with "can" -when one of them is done with asking and getting the responses, they swap roles and the other student asks the questions -they add 2 more new questions Instructions and ICQs -Choose a city that you know. It can be your hometown To clarify hometown, give an example about you! -You will choose different cities Can you choose the same city? -You are going to ask these questions to each other. Please add 2 more new questions to them -The other person is going to answer the questions about his city -When one of you finishes, you will change the roles and the other person will ask this time How many new questions will you add? Are you going to write the answers or just speak to each other?

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