Shrouk Teacher Shrouk Teacher

Grammar, reported speech
Intermediate level


In this lesson students will learn how to differentiate between direct and indirect speech and how to use them properly in different occasions. This will be achieved through doing exercises based on a reading text.


Abc a matching exercise handout
Abc Gap fill handout
Abc adapted from New Cutting Edge, Intermediate, student's book, Sarah Cunningham and Peter Moor.

Main Aims

  • Grammar: To provide clarification and practice of reported speech

Subsidiary Aims

  • Reading: students will reinforce the use of reported speech through reading a text and having a detailed prectice on it.


Warmer/Lead-in (3-5 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

- I'll show students some pictures of brothers getting reunited and I'll ask them what their guesses about today's session till I elicit the topic then ask them about their experience of such event.

Exposure (8-10 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through a text or situation

- I'll clarify in brief that we're going to read a text about brothers' reunion, but before this I'll calrify the new words. - students will be asked to read the text on page 106 in order to answer 3 questions. - students will check answers in pairs. -I'll provide them with answer key. - Then students will be asked to put the second part of the story in the right order. ( during this I'll write one example from the story for direct/indirect speech on the board.) - I'll have them peer check then provide them with the answer key.

Highlighting (2-3 minutes) • To draw students' attention to the target language

In this stage, I'll draw students' attention to the difference between the direct and indirect speech through an example from Michael's actual talk and a reported version of it. This will be achieved through CCQs to check comprehension of meaning and form.

Clarification (8-10 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language more comprehensively

- after demonstartion of an example, students will be asked to sit in pairs for a task. In this task students will try to match each reported sentence from the story with its direct version. For them to do that they will depond on their understanding of the overall meaning of each sentence and the example demonstrated on the board. - I'll have them group check for the answers and then provide them with answer on the projector. - after that I'll ask them to highlight the main verbs in the sentences they have and try to come up wiht the rule that controls the form of the verb in the direct and indirect speech. ( refering the verb back to the past form in the indirect from) with demonstartion of the tenses conversion in the indirect speech. - Then I'll give them tables to fill the tense gap, they're still in their groups. I'll give feed back here without chicking because of the lack ot time. - then I'll ask them to highlight 'if' in the indirect sentecnes, after doing this I'll ask them what type of Qs they find in the direct form of if sentences. (yes/ no Qs). Then I'll highlight the rule of converting question into indirect speech. (wh and yes/no Qs.)

Controlled Practice (2-3 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

In this stage students will answer individually an exercise for concept check. Then they'll check their answers in pairs and we'll open class feedback.

Semi-Controlled Practice (3-5 minutes) • To concept check further and prepare students for free practice

- Here students will be asked to do individually exercise 1b on page 107. They will change 4 sentences from direct to indirect form. - I'll monitor to make sure if any consolidation is needed. - ss will check their answers in pairs. - we'll have an open class feedback.

Free Practice (8-10 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

students will be asked to sit in pairs for the last activity, they will write three general questions, then they will stand up and mingle asking these questions to all of their classmates, taking notes of their answer ( this will be in 2 minutes) then they get back to ther group mates and report their findings to them. The pair that will have the most accurate feedback and the largest number of students will be the winner. - I'll error correction in the feedback

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