Nelin Nelin

Habits in the past
intermediate level


In this lesson, SS will learn about the form and meaning of "used to" and "would" through quided activities based on talking about their habits that happened in the past. They will be working on practicing in language as when they will find the opportunity to work on speaking and reading skills.


Abc projector
Abc Hand-outs
Abc Cutting Edge Student's Book, 3rd Ed.- Intermediate Pg 20-21, Ex.1, 1-3
Abc Class audio CD, R.2.5

Main Aims

  • To provide clarification the form and meaning of "used to" and "would" which refer to the disconnected habits in the past.

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide accuracy speaking practice in a speaking in a conversation in the context "habbits in the past".


Lead-in (6 minutes) • To provide an opportunity to clarify the vocabulary from the previous lesson.

-Greet the SS and continue the context of "upbringing" from the previous lesson. -Elicit the word "ubringing". Ask CCQ. Write the following sentence on the board: *My parents brought me up in Bulgaria." *The tense is present or past? *The verb is "parents" or "brought"? *The verb is regular or irregular? *How is the present form of brought? *How did my parents raise me up? *So...... My ....... (complete) - How do you combine "bring up"? -Let SS do their own sentences about "upbringing" -Project their pictures on the board. Give the HO with the pictures. *CCQ - Is he American? Is she Japanese? Is she 28 years old? -Listen for gist ex. 2 (R.2.5) from the previous lesson according to elicit from the SS what they remember about the two characters, Rafael and Mi-Sun.

Reading for the gist (5 minutes) • To set lesson context, to introduce the lesson and engage the students

-First give the task then the text!!! Project the reading part ex.1 p.20 on the board. -SS scan the paragraph individually and underline verbs with "used to" and "would/'d". -Elicit the first example and write it on the board. ex. "We used to practice..." -Then check their answers with their pairs. *ICQ - Are you going to read in details? Or just scan the verbs? -Are going to read with your pair? Or individually? -Ask if there are unknown words. occasionally (adv.) - happening sometimes but often. Ex. We occasionally meet for a drink. to tell off (v.) - to scold. (use gesture) Ex. The teacher told me off for not doing my homework. to hang out (v.) - informal - to spend a lot of time at a particular place or with particular people. ex. They hang out together. -Check the answers with pairs then with WG. Answers: We used to practise./I used to feel/We used to play/I used to love/My dad would tell me off/We'd go inside.

Focus on Language (18-20 minutes) • To provide SS find out the grammatical usage on their own.

-Project the HO#2 "Grammar Box". Give the instructions. -SS work individually and complete the rules by giving examples from ex.1 *ICQ - Are going to work in pairs? -Are you going to speak the examples? -SS do peer check. -WG check the answers. Intivite them to write the answers on the board. Concept: used to and would express a discontinued habit. They highlight the fact that the person does not do this any more in the present. (reference:Concept Checking and Timelines, Graham Workman, Chadburn Publishing) *CCQ about "used to" and "would" : Give example from the context. *Ex. We used to play in the streets. *Do we play in the streets now? - No *Did we play in the streets in the past? -Yes *Did we play in the streets once or many times? - Many times *Ex: My dad would tell me off if I argued with my mum about piano practice. *Do my dad tell me off now? - No *Did he tell me off in the past? - Yes *Did he tell me off once or many times? - many times -Draw on the board the timeline for both forms. *Make SS notice the form of used to and would : -used to + infinitive (V1) : We used to practise. negative form : We didn't use to practise. Q form: Did we use to practise? Pronunciation : /ˈjuːst tuː/ -S+would+infinitive (V1) : My dad would tell me off negative form : My dad wouldn't tell me off Q form: Would my dad tell me off? Pronunciation : would /wʊd/ we'd /wiːd/ -Focus SS attention on the examples part 2 and highlight: *anymore always somes after the verb. ex.I don't practice the piano anymore. *still comes before most verbs, but after be: ex.I still feel ashamed if I argue with my parents. I am still at school.

Controlled Practice (3 minutes) • To allow SS to practice the form and usage according to clarify the concept.

-SS work individually to complete the sentences about themselves when they were children/teenagers. -Give the task before the text. -Circulate and check SS are using "used to" and "didn't use to". ICQ- Are you going to work together? -Are you going to speak?

Semi-Controlled Practice (5 minutes) • To allow SS to practice the form and usage according to clarify the concept.

-Give the task before the text. -SS work in pairs and discuss the questions. -Make them use the questions in ex.2 p.21 ICQ - Are you going to work individually? -Are going to write your anwers? -Finish the activity by asking SS to report on any surprises.

Free Practice (8 minutes) • To provide an effective feedback of what we have learnt during the lesson

-SS write a short description of their "upbringing/childhood". Limit the number of the sentences. For instance, 5 sentences max. Give SS a few minutes to think about what they are going to write. Hightlight that they should use "used to/would" ICQ - Are you going to speak with your friend? -Are you going to write a loooong paragraph? -Check SS if they have difficulties with using the form "used to/would". -(If time is enough)After a while, when they finish, take their texts and put them in different point round the classroom. -Tell them to pick up a text, read it and try to guess the owner.

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