fatma fatma

Things people can or can't do
Elementary level, SB PP.44-45 level


In this lesson, students will learn the use of can and can't through a matching activitiy. They will also have to ask questions with can and provide short answers for yes or no questions. This will be followed by controlled practice of can and can't. Distinction is to be made between pronunciation of can and can't.


Abc PowerPoint Presentation
Abc Handouts
Abc CD track
Abc Whiteboard
Abc Projector
Abc New Headway Elementary Student's Book

Main Aims

  • To practise 'can' postive, negative, and question forms in the context of ability.

Subsidiary Aims

  • To revise collocations that describe abilities and practise listening for specific information


Warmer/Lead-in (3-5 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

To show pictures of celebrities and fully engage the students in the lesson. Students will be asked to come to the board and guess the words to complete the sentences.

Exposure (4-6 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through a text or situation

To ask students to look at pictures pp 44-45 and work in pairs to match the picture with the sentence/ activity To present the grammar spot in an interactive way and write can/can't + bare verb on the board students will take turns in asking each other what they can or can't do

Clarification (8-10 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language

To clarify the pronunciation of can/ can't as it is pronounced differently in positive, negative, and question. Cards of three different sounds are to be handed to the students. Students have to show the card that they think contains the sound pronounced. The teacher will elicit the use of the strong and weak form.

Controlled Practice (8-10 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

The teacher will ask students to listen and complete the sentences with can or can't + verb. The teacher will tell the students to listen to the first recording, complete the sentence. Each student will, the, check his/her answer with their elbow person. The teacher will practice some back-chaining with the first example. Students will be given five minutes to listen to the rest of the recording and complete the sentences individually. Answer key sheets will be placed on the door/wall for the students to check their answers.

Controlled Practice (8-10 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

To revise collocations that describe abilities. Drilling will help students identify the collocations and practice them. The students will be handed a chart and asked to listen to a recording about what Lucia can and can't do. The teacher and the students will do the first example together. The students are to tick the activities that Lucia can do and put and (x) in front of the activities that she can't do. Students will do the same when completing the chart about themselves. Now, the teacher will engage students in a pair-work activity where they have to take turns in asking each other the questions in the chart and filling it. The teacher will give an example of how a student can tell the whole class about oneself and his/her partner. (Example: Louis can ski, but I can't) Then, the students will be asked to produce similar sentences.

Free Practice (2-5 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

Teacher writes 2050 on the board to engage students' brains and asks them to imagine what can computers do in 2050. Teacher asks students if computers will be able to laugh in 2050 as an example. Students engage in pair discussions asking questions and attempting yes/ no short answers.

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