Mariam Bemri Mariam Bemri

Prepositional Phrases
Elementary level


In this lesson, students learn about prepositional phrases through guided discovery of target language based on images. The lesson starts with a discussion about landscape. This is followed by a reading puzzle which leads to formulating a story of a walk through landscape using prepositional phrases (through, across, over, by, around). Next, there is a controlled practice through a gap-fill activity and finally, a free practice via writing activity.


Abc Gap-fill handout
Abc Images
Abc Writing Activity
Abc White board
Abc Jumbled sentences

Main Aims

  • To provide review and practice of prepositional phrases in the context of landscape

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide writing practice of a story in the context of landscape
  • To provide clarification of landscape in the context of forest, river, bridge, mountains, fence...


Lead-in (3-5 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

Start lesson with an open discussion about nature. " Yesterday was a beautiful day, I took my kids to the park. They enjoyed playing and running around the trees" ," Do you go to the park?" (yes) , " What do you like about the park?" ( trees, flowers, playing, ...) " there are other beautiful places like the park"

Exposure (6-8 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through images

Teacher elicits new vocabulary items through pictures. First, teacher shows students pictures. Practice pronunciation of items that are new. Write vocabulary on board. Next, teacher draws path and tells story of walk using prepositional phrases (through,across,over,by,around)

Highlighting (5-6 minutes) • To draw students' attention to the target language

Students practice saying prepositional phrases used in story. Teacher writes prepositional phrases on white board.

Controlled Practice (4-8 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

Teacher gives instructions for gap-fill activity. Teacher demonstrates first example of activity for the whole class. Students work individually. Students check answers with partners. Teacher gives whole class feedback.

Semi-Controlled Practice (6-8 minutes) • To concept check further and prepare students for free practice

Teacher gives instructions for jumbled sentences activity and demonstrates first example. Students work on activity in pairs. Teacher corrects by choosing nominees.

Free Practice (12-15 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

Students are given a final handout. Teacher gives instructions for the first part of the activity and asks them to choose a path. Students do this individually. Next part of the activity consists of writing a story about a walk in landscape. Students should refer to the previous path to write their story (the should use prepositional phrases). Teacher monitors students as they work individually and takes note of any mistakes or errors. Nominees read their work for whole class. Finally, teacher gives whole class feedback correcting common mistakes on board.

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