Aya Aya

obligation and permission
intermediate level


in this lesson, SS learn about modals of obligation and permission through Test-Teach-Test. the lesson starts with a video for Mr. Bean in the cinema and a discussion about the rules he broke there. This is followed by teaching obligation and permission in the present. Finally, there are some controlled practice through filling the gaps and free practice via a final activity in which SS will discuss important rules in their country.


Abc handout
Abc PowerPoint slides
Abc whiteboard
Abc Gab fill handout

Main Aims

  • To provide practice and clarification of obligation and permission in the present in the context of rules and freedom

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide accuracy and fluency speaking practice in stating rules in the context of rules and freedom


Warmer/Lead-in (3-5 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

- show SS a video for Mr. Bean while he was in the cinema. - discuss the video with SS and ask them the following questions: where do you think he was in that video? (in the cinema) what was he trying to do? (smoking, eating, drinking, using the mobile) was that against the rules there? - ask ss to discuss in groups what other rules people should follow in the cinema. discuss the ideas with the whole class.

Test #1 (8-10 minutes) • To gauge students' prior knowledge of the target language

-ask SS to start by answering exercise #1 -chose some of the places to handle, not all of them. -elicit an example before SS work in pairs -monitor -as SS to check their answers in pairs. -feedback - ask ss to answer exercise #2 -check the meaning of sign and focus the ss attention on the pictures. - give ss two minutes to think about the meaning of the signs in this exercise. - monitor o check if they have any difficulty in understanding signs or vocabs. -ask ss to check in pairs. - feedback. -ask SS to move to exercise #3 -explain that there may be one or two sentences that are not true about each sign. - discuss with them the first example before they start answering. -ask SS to check their answers in pairs. - feedback

Teach (12-15 minutes) • To clarify areas of the target language where students had difficulty in the first test stage

-After knowing SS weaknesses through monitoring, I will start clarifying the models used for obligation and permission briefly stressing on SS mistakes to correct it. - OCFB.

Test #2 (8-10 minutes) • Check students' use of the target language again and compare with the first test

- ask SS to move to exercise one P113 - emphasis that SS have to complete the sentences to make them mean the same as the signs. -SS work in pairs and write their answers. -give SS the feedback by a record. If there is enough time, T will ask SS to answer exercise 2 or a part of it, in pairs.

Free practice (13-15 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

- ask SS to choose any three places that come to their minds and make a list of the most important rules for each place. - ask Ss to work in groups, or pairs, read the rules to their groups but without saying the place. others should guess the place. - giving feedback

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