adverbs of time & routines
beginner level


This lesson will introduce ss to adverbs of frequency such as never and sometimes in the context of the routine of a business man. Ss will observe the grammar of 3rd person present simple affirmative, negatives, and questions. They will practice clarification through matching and gap fills. After ss are introduced and have practiced the structures, they will practice their productive skills.


Abc Hand out 3
Abc Hand out 2
Abc Hand out 1 3rd person routine
Abc Ppt
Abc Elliot routine photos

Main Aims

  • To provide a grammar lesson with clarification and practice of adverbs of time in the context of describing someone's routine in the 3rd person

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide clarification of never, sometimes, always in the context of routines


Warmer/Lead-in (3-5 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students about speaking in the 3rd person singular

Greet Ss. Show ss a picture of Elliot. "This is Elliot" "What's his name?","What's his job?" Ellicit questions about his job, gender, etc.

Exposure (8-10 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through a text or situation ascribing time to his actions

Show pics of his routine 1-by-1. Elicit model and drill focusing on "He ___-s + noun" until ss are comfortable. Ask ss, "when does he get up?" elicit a time. "He gets up at___. " Go through every picture once. Put pictures on the walls. Ss in pairs. Give Ss time post-its to add their times. Show answers on ppt. Give students H/O 1 for gap fill.

Highlighting (5-6 minutes) • To draw students' attention to the target language

Show on ppt or on board: Highlight statement conjugations I/you/we/they vs He/She/It +______-s/-es. Highlight questions of time: "What time does he __verb_____" and "When does he _____?" Highlight Yes/No questions: Do he leaves home at 7:15? (incorrect) Does he leave home at 7:15? (correct)

Clarification (8-10 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language such as adverbs and phonemics

Group Ss in new groups of 2. Demonstrate to find the gaps from the text. Ss work in pairs to fill gaps. Take FB for answers. Fill in cline. Check adverbs of time with CCQ's. "I always get up?" Model sounds. Sound gap fill

Controlled Practice (5-7 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

H/O 3. Group Ss in pair. Gap fill. Display answers.

Semi-Controlled Practice (5-7 minutes) • To concept check further and prepare students for free practice

Continue H/O 3. Ss use prompted words to make questions and answers to ask and answer each other vocally. Demonstrate if needed. Take FB Display answers if needed.

Free Practice (6-8 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

Show students last activity, describe your brother for example. Encourage the use of adverbs of frequency. Ss complete individually. Monitor. Take FB with sharing.

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