What are you doing?, present continuous
Elementary A2 level


In this lesson, students learn about the present continuous through guided discovery based on a listening task about 'what are you doing'. the lesson starts with a warmup-up about the activities happening right now. this is followed by a listening task where students listen and find out who is talking and what they are doing now. Then they have a controlled practice based on the same listening task and finding the right grammatical forms in the listening. finally, there are some semi-controlled and freer practices via a role-play speaking activity.


Abc guided discovery grammar handouts
Abc pictures on the WB
Abc questions and negatives handout
Abc conversation and listening handouts
Abc talking about you handout
Abc let's talk handout
Abc Ask and answer questions about people in the pictures handout

Main Aims

  • To provide clarification and practice of present continuous in the context of family, friends

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide specific information listening practice using a text about telephone conversation and asking what are you doing in the context of family


Warmer (2-3 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

1) show 2 pictures on the WB and elicit 'where are they?' 2) show the pictures of SB and tell Ss to discuss in pairs what are they doing. they are going to make some guesses.

Exposure (3-6 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through a text or situation

1) And then show the two pictures of the New headway SB to elicit where are they and they tell Ss they are going to listen to and find out where are they and what are they doing. 2) Give the handout of pictures with the conversation to the Ss and they fill in the blanks. 3) Then Ss compare what they have written and what they have guessed about FB: Teacher nominates Ss to get the answers. and the answers are folded on the bottom of the page.

Highlighting (2-5 minutes) • To draw students' attention to the target language

T give the HOs and Ss fill in them and then T show on the WB and elicit from Ss the rules.

Clarification (2-5 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language

Ss ask and answer the questions together abut the people in the previous listening and then teacher nominates Ss to get feedback

Controlled Practice (5-7 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

Ss talk in pairs to talk about different pictures and then the answers would be shown on the WB

Semi-Controlled Practice (8-10 minutes) • To concept check further and prepare students for free practice

Ss A and B each have a different set of papers and then they talk about each picture and making different sentences and trying to be even imaginative to just use the present continuous. FB: T nominates some Ss to share what they talked about with the whole class

Free Practice (8-10 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

Ss talk in pairs about things that are true for them at the moment and if we have extra time there is another activity like they look out of the window and describe what is happening and then they compare with other Ss what they have written

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