Past Modal Lesson
Intermadiate,B1 level


In this lesson,students learn about the past modal through guided discovery based on a reading text about dilemmas.The lesson starts with two questions about dilemmas.This is followed by a reading story about a married couple's decisions then,they will read some statement about their decisions and they will elicit past modals through these statements.Finally,they will do some matching wtih their pairs and they will do semi-controlled practice


Abc Gap-fill handout
Abc Matching hand-out
Abc Reading hand out

Main Aims

  • To provide clarification of Past Modal in the context of Dilemmas

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide accuracy speaking practice in a semi-controlled practice in the context of Dilemmas


Stage 1-Warm-up session (5-7 minutes) • To provide the students to do controlled-practice about dilemmas.

Ask two questions about dilemmas -What is the biggest dilemma you have ever faced? -If your husband/wife had entered the Atlantic Rowing Competition,would you have left him alone or would you have entered the competition with him/her?

Stage 2-Reading the story (5-7 minutes) • To read the story about dilemmas to reach marker sentence

-Give students a hand out -Tell the students read the story alone -After reading,tell them look at exercise 4 with their pairs -Tell them decide which statement they agree with? -Discuss the answers

Stage 3-Matching activity (7-10 minutes) • To provide students to practice with marker sentences

-Divide them into pairs -Give students a hand out -Tell the students match them with their pairs -Check the answers in pairs

Stage 4-Clarify the form of marker sentence (7-10 minutes) • To clarify the meaning and form of past modals

-Write marker sentence on the board -Clarify the meaning by using drilling and CCQs -Tell to stand up and do semi-controlled practice about past models -Monitor them

Stage 5-Hand out practice (9-12 minutes) • To practice past modals

-Give students a hand out -Tell them to complete exercise 1 and 2 -Tell threm discuss the answers with their pairs -Check the answers

Stage 6-Speaking Practice (5-6 minutes) • To provide a free practice by using target langauge

-Divide the students into pairs -Tell the students to talk about their regrets about their life -Let them to do free practice with their pairs -Monitor them and do error correction after doing speaking activity

Stage 7-Extra practice (6-7 minutes) • To provide more grammar practice

-If I have time, I will give the students a hand-out (For extra time) -Tell the students to do exercise 1 -Practice -Tell the students check the answers with their pairs -Check the answers in pairs

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