Past simple forms - People who change the world
A2 Elementary level


In this lesson, students will be practicing an area in grammar, specifically focusing on past simple forms of regular and irregular verbs, in the context of 'People who changed the world.' The lesson's sub aim will involve a speaking activity, where students will practice the past forms they have learned and discuss and share ideas about a person who changed the world.


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Main Aims

  • To provide clarification and practice of past simple forms: regular and irregular verbs in the context of people who changed the world.

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide accuracy and fluency speaking practice in a conversation in the context of people who changed the world.


Exposure (8-10 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through a text or situation

Students are to refer back to text from previous lesson, based on Nelson Mandela's story - 'From prison to President.' Students are to match correct past simple forms (regular or irregular) in a fill-in-the-gap activity from text - students to work individually. ICQ's before giving 1st work sheet - "What are you going to do?" - (to check student's instructions being met and understood.) Teacher monitors for any errors for delayed whole class feedback. Peer Check follows. Whole Class Feedback - CCQ's - CCQ'S - "Nelson Mandela, was he important?" (yes) "Was he a good man?" (yes) "Why?" (students share responses as a WC) Followed by Answer Key shown on OHP through PPT Check and correct any anticipated problems where necessary.

P.Clarification (10-12 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language

Teacher writes regular and irregular verb examples on WB: (Regular - Start, Study,) (Irregular - Become, Have) and elicits correct responses from students - "What is the past tense for start?" (Started) On WB i.e 'Start = Started' Teacher writes example sentence - He started university last week. (regular) She studied English. (regular) They got married last year. (irregular) I forgot my pen yesterday. (irregular) Check for and anticipated problem questions and solve where necessary. students are given regular and irregular verbs on strips of paper and match them to its correct past forms with each other. Peer check - Students check other pair's work around classroom. Whole Class feedback - two columns on WB - students to put in correct side (Regular or irregular verbs) Whole class feedback - Answer key sheet is given to students to check their work & then students drill and repeat the correct pronunciation of the verbs on WB.

Controlled Practice (10-12 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

Students are instructed to listen out for the regular past simple forms which end in -ed. (in audio R6.6) Students practice pronouncing these verbs as a Whole Class. Students to write 2/3 sentences in pairs based the regular past verbs they have heard. Peer check. Students listen to 2nd audio (R6.7) of the irregular past simple forms. Students to write 2/3 sentences in pairs based on irregular past verbs they have heard. Peer check. Students practice pronouncing these verbs as a Whole Class. Check for any anticipated problems and solve them as a WC.

Semi-Controlled Practice (8-10 minutes) • To concept check further and prepare students for free practice

Students to work individually on fill-in-the gap activity on Exercise 6 with 1-5 statements. This is based on the past simple verbs to be put in each sentence. Teacher monitors. Peer check follows. Whole class feedback - Answer key on OHP through PPT.

Free Practice (8-10 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

Students will work in pairs to discuss 4/5 statements about how Ataturk may have changed the world. Teacher monitors. Students in pairs will then share their ideas about Ataturk with another pair. Whole class feedback follows - students will be given the opportunity to discuss and nominate some students to share their ideas with the rest of the class.

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