B2 level


This is a vocabulary lesson in deducing meaning from context in the context of Galileo's famous trial for heresy.The vocabulary and speaking set the context for the lesson, and the reading from the previous lesson provides examples of the vocabulary to be covered in lesson.


Abc Campbell, R & Tennant, A (2011) Global Upper Intermediate WkBk Macmillan
Abc Powerpoint slides
Abc Course book hand-outs
Abc Clandfield, L & Robb Benne, R (2011) Global Upper Intermediate SsBk Macmillan

Main Aims

  • To give students practice in vocabulary in the context of Galileo's famous trial for heresy.

Subsidiary Aims

  • To give practice in speaking using change your mind game and to practise speaking for fluency.


Warmer/Lead-in (3-5 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

Show pictures related to the previous lesson. Ask Ss who is the person in the picture.Most probably,they will say Galileo because they have seen and learnt about him.Then,ask Ss why he stayed arrested till the end of his life. (They should say because he was sure/certain about his theory,he didn't change his mind.)

Highlighting (5-7 minutes) • To draw students' attention to the target language

Write on the board Certain and Uncertain. Say in a very firm voice I'm convinced. Ask students if convinced should go in the Certain or Uncertain column. Ask Ss to categorise the words in the box in pairs. Check the answers W/C FB. Drill the pronunciation of the words.

Clarification (5-8 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language

Tell Ss to read the sentence on the board "Galileo is certainly a symbol for intellectual freedom." and ask them to rewrite it using the words in the box in ex.1.Do this sentence together (Ask them how to rewrite it with the correct form of "Question") and then tell them to do the others in pairs.Then w/c FB.

Focus on meaning (10-12 minutes) • To clarify the meaning and pronunciation of the target language

Remind Ss the sentence "Galileo is without question a symbol for intellectual freedom." Tell Ss to make this sentence using the expressions "Take my word for it ... " and "There's no denying that..." After Ss do,tell them that they can be used more in spoken English to talk about things you are certain which are true. Ask Ss to complete the expressions with the words in the box in pairs. Ask Ss individually to remake the sentence "Galileo is without question a symbol for intellectual freedom." using other expressions.

Controlled Practice (3-5 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

Ask Ss to write a word ,in pairs, in each gap to complete what the people say. The first letter is given for them. W/c FB.

Freer-practice - Speaking (5-8 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

Put students into groups of four to six people. Ask each group to nominate a speaker. Ss read the rules silently. Ask CCQs to make sure they have understood. -Which expressions are you going to use? (In Vocabulary & Speaking exercise 3.) -Will the speaker continue speaking all the time? (No.) Do an example with another student calling out Change your mind! after 30 seconds. Students now do the activity in groups. Circulate and monitor. Make sure that each person in the group gets a chance to speak.

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