Entesar Al-Hamdi Entesar Al-Hamdi

Modals of Speculation
B1 level


In this lesson, students learn and expand more on the use of modals of speculation though guided- discovery technique. Before that, students will be exposed to these modals through a reading text. Later and once they are familiar with the form and the use of the target language, students will get to to know more about pronunciation through a listening exercise and a semi-controlled activity. By the end of the class, students will practice using the target language through a semi-controlled activity and free- practice.


Main Aims

  • To provide clarification and practice of modals of speculation ( present ) in the context of magic tricks

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide fluency and accuracy speaking practice in a conversation in the context of magic tricks


Stage 1 (exposure and highlighting) (3-5 minutes) • To expose students to the target language via a reading text

- Give students handouts that include the reading text -Give students three questions that are related to modals of speculation ( Q1. Are we right or wrong when we think we understand the trick?) Q2. Did the magician in Brazil close his magic store? Q3. What could help Montano become a very good magician? -Ss find the answers -Give a quick FB through checking their understanding of modals of speculation

Stage 2 ( Clarification) (10-15 minutes) • To elicit both the use and the form of the target language form Ss

-Give Ss guided discovery handouts that include questions about M and F _ Ss work in pairs - Ss check answers in groups -Check answers with Ss starting with the M questions and with F questions later right after they finish doing each section -Give Ss the answer key (Guided Discovery) Meaning: Read these sentences and answer the questions below. a) We must be wrong. b) He may have to close his magic store. c) Money might provide a better explanation for his show. d) We can’t be right. 1.Modals + infinitive used to make guesses about (past/ present/ future). 2. In sentence (a), is it possible that we are right? No. 3.In sentence (d), are we sure that we are right? No. 4.In which sentences are we less sure about our guesses? B &C 5.In which sentence are we very sure about our guesses? A&D 2. Choose the correct modal and fill in the gap. (could, may, must, might, can’t) 1. We use …must...….to show how sure somebody or something is. 2.The opposite modal of “ must” is …can’t..… 3. When we are less sure about something, we use …might…….,.......may.....,....could.. Form a.Choose the correct modal and put it in the box. ( might, must, may, can’t, could) Sure↑ must Less sure might may could Sure↓ can’t . We must be wrong. B . choose two modals to which we can add “not” …might……… s+ …may……… + not + infinitive

Stage 3( P clarification) (5-7 minutes) • To elicit and clarify pronunciation

-Draw a Cline on the whiteboard - Elicit where to put stress in the sentence form students -Drill -Give Ss handouts that have five sentences and Ss are supposed to mark the stress as they listen to the recording -Check in groups -Give Fb

Stage 4( Semi-controlled Practice) (3-5 minutes) • To practice the target language

-Give Ss handouts that have the semi-controlled activity -Ss work in pairs -Ss check in groups -Give Ss the answer key

Stage 5( Free Practice) (5-10 minutes) • To provide Ss with free practice using the target language

-Project a picture of a magic trick -Ss make guesses about the picture using the target language -monitor Ss -Give FB if necessary

Stage 6( Flexy) (3-5 minutes) • To practice the stress of modals of speculation ( present)

-Ss read the five sentences in the handouts to each other -As one student reads, their peers guess where the stress is and whether it is more or less sure -Ss work in pairs and move around the class to find new partners

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