Teaching Practice 6
Pre-intermediate, A2 level


The concept of past perfect is introduced to the students via guided discovery approach in the context of stories. They students are given a reading practice after which they work on some exercises, get exposed to the target language and then the form is clarified. Finally they start practicing the target language and giving feedback.


No materials added to this plan yet.

Main Aims

  • Main aim: Grammar. This lesson focuses on presenting past perfect using series of sequential events in the context of stories.

Subsidiary Aims

  • Sub aim: Reading. The concept of the target language is exposed to the students through reading and exercises that follow.


Lead in/ Building context (3-4 minutes) • To introduce the idea of stories which will be used as a base for presenting sequential events

1- Set the context by asking the following questions. How often do you read stories? Are they in your own language or in English? 2- Ask the students to guess the name of the characters in pictures from the story books. Hamlet, Oliver Twist, Sherlock Holmes, Alice from Alice's adventures in Wonderland. 3- Ask the students what they know about Sherlock Holmes.

Reading task (10-11 minutes) • To introduce past perfect through series of events that happened sequentially in the past.

1- Ask the students to read for the gist and choose what the main message of the story is. 2- Assign a number to each table from 1 to 5. Then ask the students to do the exercise 3 and write the answer to the question with the same number as their table on the board.

Highlighting target language (5-6 minutes) • To expose the students to past perfect tense

1- Ask the students to do the exercise 4.

Clarifying target language (7-8 minutes) • To explain the concept of past perfect, model pronunciation and provide the form

1- Using two events from the reading try to elicit the reason why past perfect is used. a) Draw a timeline on the board. have two events marked in the past section. number the marked sections 1 and 2. b) Write the events on the board THEY DIDN'T EAT ALL DAY. THEY WERE HUNGRY. c) Ask the students to number the events. d) Write the events together in one sentence with the right tense. They were hungry because they hadn't eaten all day. 2- Ask the students about the tense of the sentence. 3- Write the form and clarify the event's order within the form. 4- Model the pronunciation of the example sentence

Language practice & Feedback (15-16 minutes) • To practice the target language and ask for feedback

1- Ask the students to do the exercise 5 (Controlled practice). If there is extra time left do the next steps. 2- Give the handout with the semi-controlled practice. 3- Ask the students to write about one of their memories using past perfect (Free practice).

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