Teaching Practice 5
Pre-intermediate, A2 level


The students are guided to find out the difference between the tenses past simple and present perfect. The context of the lesson is set by introducing past events in life (i.e. living history). The students learn how to distinguish between the two tenses and practice the forms in writing. The feedback is given after every task.


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Main Aims

  • Main aim: Grammar. This lesson is going to focus on distinguishing between the tenses, past simple and present perfect by clarifying the meaning, usage and cases where one is the most appropriate.

Subsidiary Aims

  • Sub Aim: Writing and Speaking (productive skills). Students practice forming sentences in the target language in the context of living history.


Lead in/Building context (2-3 minutes) • To introduce the idea of living history so that later on the students' past experiences can used

- Ask students about important events in their lives (in the past). This could be an exciting activity that they took part in or their achievements such as graduation, finding their first job etc. - Write some of the examples on the board.

Introduction task (3-4 minutes) • To introduce the target language via a text

- Ask the students to do the task on the handout choosing one of the verb forms. - Students are given the handout with a few written sentences. In each sentence there are two verb options. The students need to figure out which option is the correct one. - Ask them to check their answers

Highlighting and clarifying target language (8-10 minutes) • To difference between past simple and present perfect.

- Ask the students to talk to each other about some past experiences that relate to now. The topics provided can be a guideline to write one sentence on the board. Give them a demo. The first studied language (e.g. English, french) e.g. I STUDIED English at school Last month salary (amount e.g. 5000 TL) First lesson took in music (year) Learning to drive (year) - Now ask the students to answer the following question as it relates to the previous topics. What can you do? Why? e.g. I CAN speak English because I HAVE STUDIED English at school. - Ask the students the tense of the verbs in sentences (PAST SIMPLE, PRESENT PERFECT) and write them down. - Draw a timeline on the board and explain the tenses in the written sentences and how they relate to the timeline through elicitation. the following example can be used for analysis. What is your knowledge of foreign languages? I have studied English (meaning that I can speak English as a result).

Language practice/Feedback (15-20 minutes) • A written task for the students to past simple and present perfect

- Explain the task and give the students the hand out - While students are doing the task ask some students to come to the board to and write the answers. - If there were extra time left use it to teach the question form for present perfect - Ask students to practice by forming questions and asking each other.

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