Bjorn Renberg Bjorn Renberg

Solving your problems- learning to give advice
Pre-intermediate level


In this lesson the students will learn to give advice using phrases such as "you must" and "you should". They will be given problems and then work together to find the solution


Abc Warning sign pictures
Abc Problem letter cutouts
Abc Problem list

Main Aims

  • Speaking- practice for fluency in the area of giving advice and making choices

Subsidiary Aims

  • Reading for gist


Lead-in. talk about signs (8-10 minutes) • Set the context for language

Show them pictures of situations, one by one. Ask them what they think is happening. Elicit what is in common, and let them find the word "problem". Then go on a show the slide with the warning signs. Elicit the word "warning sign" Ask them about each sign and elicit as many things as possible. Put them in pairs and let them talk together. Ask them if someone had a problem and asked you for advice recently. What was it? What did you say?

Language introduction- should and must (10-12 minutes) • To give clear introduction and structure of the language that will be used in the freer practice later

Elicit the words should and must. Write them on the WB. Draw a curve to show which one is more serious. Go back to the pictures and ask them what they should do and what they must do. (must for the warning signs and should for the pictures) Show the form S + should + verb1.... and likewise S + must + verb1...... Ask them how you make it negative. Draw "shouldn't" and "mustn't" on the WB. Drill full sentences. You should do your homework. You shouldn't smoke. Ask them for something they think they must do. Drill that sentence too. make sure their pronunciation is correct. Hand out the cutouts and ask them to fill in the proper word in the gaps. Do it in pairs. When they are finished check the answers. Now hand them the letters with problems and ask them to match the letters to the answers. Elicit the words that they had problems with. Write them on the WB. Ask the students if anyone knows. Then let them guess what it means from the context. Then clarify. For example "firmly" and "suffer alone", jealous... Do a delayed error correction and again make sure pronunciation is checked.

Freer speaking practice- discuss problems (10-15 minutes) • For the students in groups to practice more speaking

Give the students a list of problems. let them work in pairs or in small groups. Maybe mix around a bit. Demo the first example "I can't sleep at night". Ask them to give an advice. After they seem to get it, let them talk together. Monitor and encourage. Do feedback. Let them look at each others' answers and learn from each other. Let each pair of group share about a problem and say what their advice is. Do error correction. Ask them to give advice how to improve their English. Write them on WB. Drill the sentences again.

Dreams- making choices (8-10 minutes) • Set a context to bring the language to the next level.

Ask the students about the word dream. What do they think of? Introduce the concept making right choices. Talk about difficulties. Give each one a piece of paper and on it the should write their dream, but don't write your name and then fold it. Put it in a pile and shake it and let each one take a paper and so pick someone's dream. Then that person should write at least four sentences using should and/or must (must- if you think it is very important). Monitor and help them find words. Let them then mingle and ask whose dream they have and then they should give the four sentences of advice that they have written. Monitor and then give error correction.

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