Yasmine Ihab Yasmine Ihab

Simple Present
Elementary level


In this lesson, students learn about the simple present tense through a guided discovery based on a reading text about some American habits. The lesson starts with a discussion about some habits of different countries, especially America. This is followed by a reading text about American habits. Then, There is a clarification of the simple present tense followed by a controlled and a free practice of it.


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Main Aims

  • To provide clarification and practice of simple present tense in the context of habits of different countries.

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide gist and scan reading practice using a text about American habits in the context of habits of different countries.
  • To provide product writing practice of sentences in the context of Habits of different countries.


GTKY (4-6 minutes) • To break the ice between the teacher and the students

I will play a game with the students called 4 Cs. I will ask them to write down their favorite color, country, character and cartoon. Then, I will collect the papers and shuffle them. I will ask each student to choose a paper, read it aloud, and try to guess "whose paper is it?"

Warmer/ Lead-in (3-4 minutes) • to set lesson context and engage students

I will display some pictures and ask the students about them and what do they know about them. These pictures are about habits of different countries, especially America. For example I will display a picture of Sushi. I will ask them: What is it? They will say: Sushi. I will ask: What do you know about it? They will say: It's Japanese.

Exposure (3-5 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through a text or situation

I will ask the students to work in pairs, look at some pictures and try to guess which of them are American. Then, They will read the text to check their answers, and I will check the answers with them.

Highlighting (2-4 minutes) • To draw students' attention to the target language

I will ask the students about the highlighted verbs in the fourth paragraph and why the writer used "s" with them. They will say: because it's simple present tense.

Clarification (10-12 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language

I will depend on eliciting the information from the students, but if they don't know, I will clarify it for them. I will begin with the meaning. I will ask them: When do we use the simple present tense? To express what? They will say: To express a fact or a habit. Then, we will write some examples on the board, and I use them to clarify the form of the simple present tense. Then, I will clarify the pronunciation which will be the difference between "s" and "z" sounds. After that I will ask them to extract 3 negative verbs and ask them about the different one. Then, we will clarify the difference between "don't" and " doesn't".

Controlled practice (3-4 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

I will give the students an exercise. It will be about their own country and its habits. They will choose the right word or verb and cross out the wrong one. Then, I will ask them to check their answers in pairs. Finally, I will check the answers with them.

Free practice (4-5 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

I will ask the students to write 4 sentences about themselves as Egyptian family members. Then, I will ask them to change their papers with their partners and to check them for each other.

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