NON DEFINING RELATIVE CLAUSES
To provide clarification, review and practice of non defining relative clauses in the context of financial advice
To provide gist and scan reading practice using a text about call centres in the context of financial advice
To provide fluency and accuracy speaking practice in a conversation in the context of financial advice
Procedure (45-59 minutes)
T displays the image "Financial adviser" T: WHERE IS IT? WHO ARE THEY?(FINANCIAL ADVISER AND A CUSTOMER OR CLIENT) WHY DO YOU NEED TO SPEAK TO A FINANCIAL ADVISER?(GET INFORMATION ABOUT LOANS OR APPLY FOR A LOAN) WHY DO YOU APPLY FOR A LOAN?(TO BUY A CAR OR TO SET UP A BUSINESS) WHAT TYPES OF LOAN CAN YOU GET?(SECURED AND UNSECURED? YOU WANT TO GET SOME INFORMATION ABOUT LOANS. YOU WANT 10000. WHAT DO YOU ASK? (YOU WANT TO LEARN WHAT THE INTEREST RATE IS ON 10000, THE PERIOD OF TIME YOU HAVE TO REPAY OR PAY BACK THE LOAN) WHAT DOES THE FINANCIAL ADVISER NEED TO SEE BEFORE APPROVING THE LOAN?(YOUR BUSINESS AND REPAYMENT PLAN( :
T: READ PART 6 WHAT IS HER JOB?(BEAUTICIAN) WHERE DOES SHE WORK?(FOR A WELL-KNOWN CLINIC) WHY DOE SHE NEED THE LOAN FOR?(TO OPEN HER OWN BEAUTY SALON) WHEN WILL SHE PLAN TO PAY BACK THE LOAN?(OVER TWO YEARS)
T writes the marker sentences: Angela, who works as a beautician, is very popular with her clients. The loan, which she plans to pays back, will enable her to set up the busines. Angela, whose parents are very supportive, isn't married. T: WHAT ARE THE MAIN VERBS? WHAT ARE THE SUBJECTS? LOOK AT THE PART OF THE SENTENCES STARTING WITH WHO, WHICH, WHOSE WHAT DO WE USE AFTER THE SUBJECT?(COMMA) WHAT DO WE USE BEFORE THE MAIN VERB?(COMMA) WHEN THE WE USE WHO?(WHEN THE SUBJECT AND OBJECT IS A PERSON? WHEN DO WE USE WHICH?(WHEN THE SUBJECT OR OBJECT IS A THING OR ANIMAL? WHEN DO WE USE WHOSE?(WHEN WE TALLK ABOUT A POSSESION)
T draws two pictures, in one there are people on a mountain and an eagle, on the other one there are some people on the mountain and some of them below the mountain and the eagle on top of the mountain. T wries the sentences: 1)The people who walked to the top of the mountain saw the eagle. 2)The people, who walked to the top of the mountain, saw the eagle. T: WHICH PICTURE GOES WITH WHICH SENTENCE? T points at the picture "some on the mountain and some not) T: DID THEY ALL SEE THE EAGLE?(NO) WHO SAW THE EAGLE?(THE PEOPLE WHO WENT) DOES WHO WENT HELP US TO IDENTIFY WHICH PEOPLE SAW THE EAGLE? IS IT AN ESSENTIAL INFORMATION?(YES) THIS IS CALLED DEFINING RELATIVE CLAUSE T points at the image "all on the mountain". T: DID THEY ALL SEE THE EAGLE?(YES) DOES WHO WENT HELP US TO IDENTIFY WHICH PEOPLE SAW THE EAGLE? IS IT AN ESSENTIAL INFORMATION?(NO) THIS IS CALLED NON DEFINING RELATIVE CLAUSE. T writes on the board "Non Defining Relative Clauses" T: HOW MANY PEOPLE DO WE KNOW WHOSE NAME IS ANGELA?(ONE) IMAGINE YOU DON'T SAY WHO WORKS AS A BEAUTICIAN. ANGELA IS VERY POPULAR WITH HER CLIENTS. IS THE MEANING OF THE SENTENCE STILL VERY CLEAR TO UNDERSTAND?(YES) IS IT ABSOLUTELLY NECESSARY TO ADD WHO WORKS AS A BEAUTICIAN?(NO) WHY DO WE ADD THEN?(WE WANT TO GIVE EXTRA INFORMATION) T: WHEN DO WE USE NON DEFINING RELATIVE CLAUSES?(TO GIVE EXTRA INFORMATION ABOUT THE SUBJECT OR OBJECT.) T writes use "non defining relative clauses - to give extara information about the subject,object or place which doesn't define in any way. - a comma used to seperate non defining relative clause. T: WHO, WHICH AND WHOSE. ARE THEY QUESTION WORDS?(NO) WHAT ARE THEY?(RELATIVE PRONOUNS) WHICH RELATIVE PRONOUN DO WE USE WHEN THE SUBJECT IS PERSON?(WHO) T writes the example sentences: Angela, who applied for a loan, works for a clinic. WHICH RELATIVE PRONOUN DO WE USE WHEN THE OBJECT IS A PERSON? (WHO AND WHOM) T writes the example sentences: I spoke to Angela, with whom I work .(use whom when you use the preposition before the relative pronoun-formal) I spoke to Angela, who I work with.(use who when you use the preposition after the verb in the relative clause-informal ) T: IF WE TALK ABOUT MORE THAN ONE PERSON, WE USE THE EXPESSIONS: A LOT OF WHOM, A FEW OF WHOM, NONE OF WHOM. T writes the sample sentence: There were a lot of people at the party, many of whom I had known for years. T: WHICH RELATIVE PRONOUN DO WE USE FOR POSSESIVE?(WHOSE) T writes the example sentences: Angela, whose parents are supportive, isn't married. T: WHICH RELATIVE PRONOUN DO WE USE WHEN THE SUBJECT AND OBJECT IS A THING OR ANIMAL ?(WHICH) T writes the sample sentences: The loans, which are secured or insecured have dfferent interest rates.(subject) The loan, which she plans to apply will help her to set up the business. T: WE CAN USE PREPOSITION BEFORE WHICH OR AFTER THE VERB IN RELATIVE CLAUSE? T writes the sample sentences: We visited the museum, to which we have never been before-formal We visited the museum, which we have never been to before-informal T: WHAT ABOUT WHEN WE TALK ABOUT MORE THAN ONE THING OR ANIMAL? (WE USE EXPRESSIONS ALL OF WHICH, A FEW OF WHICH.....) T writes the sample sentences: He was carrying his belongings, many of which were broken. T writes the sample sentences: Chiris did well in his exam. This was a big surprise. T: HOW CAN WE JOIN THEM USING A NON DEFINING RELATIVE CLAUSE? Chris did really well in his exams, which was a big surprise. ( the fact that he did well in his exams was a big surprise.) T: The relative pronoun "which" at the beginning of a non-defining relative clause, can refer to all the information contained in the previous part of the sentence, rather than to just one word. T: WHICH RELATIVE PRONOUN DO WE USE FOR THE PLACES?(WHERE) T writes the sample sentences: Chris went to Sweden, where his girlfriend lives. CCQ: MY SISTER, WHO WORKS AS A BEUTICIAN, LIVES IN LONDON. HOW MANY SISTERS DO I HAVE?(ONE) IS THE INFORMATION WORKS AS A BEAUTICIAN NECESSARY?(NO)
T gives the exercise "Unit 95" T: LOOK AT 95.1 USE THE SENTENCE IN THE BRACKETS TO MAKE A NON DEFINING RELATIVE CLAUSE. THEN MAKE ONE SENTENCE FROM TWO DO IT ALONE ICQ: WHAT DO YOU DO? T: CHECK WITH YOUR PARTNER T REVEALS THE KEY.
T gives the handout "Unit 96" T: LOOK AT 96.1 WRITE THE RELATIVE CLAUSES IN A MORE FORMAL WAY DO IT ALONE ICQ: WHAT DO YOU DO? T: CHECK WITH YOUR PARTNER T REVEALS THE KEY. T: LOOK AT 96.2 DO ONLY THE FIRST 4 USE THE INFORMATION IN THE FIRST SENTENCE COMPLETE THE SECOND SENTENCE USING ALL OF, MOST OF ETC. DO IT ALONE ICQ: WHAT DO YOU DO? T: CHECK WITH YOUR PARTNER T REVEALS THE KEY. T: LOOK AT 96.3 DO ONLY THE FIRST 3 USE SENTENCES FROM THE BOXES AND MAKE NEW SENTENCES. USE WHICH DO IT ALONE ICQ: WHAT DO YOU DO? T: CHECK WITH YOUR PARTNER T REVEALS THE KEY.
T gives the sentence " She works in beauty salon T: EXTEND THE SENTENCE USING NON DEFINING RELATIVE PRONOUNS USING WHO, WHICH AND WHERE WORK AS A GROUP ICQ: WHAT DO YOU DO? T monitors and notes the errors on the board. T: LOOK AT PART 7 READ IT USE USEFUL LANGUAGE BOX TO HAVE A CONVERSATION WORK IN PAIRS ICQ: WHAT DO YOU DO? T monitors and notes the errors on the board. T writes on the board "Customer and Financial Adviser T: IMAGINE YOU ARE A CUSTOMER YOU GO TO THE BANK TO TALK TO THE FINANCIAL ADVISER. YOU WANT TO GET INFORMATION ABOUT A LOAN. HOW DO YOU START THE CONVERSATION?(I WOULD LIKE TO GET SOME INFORMATION ABOUT LOANS) WHAT QUESTIONS WOULD YOU ASK?(WHAT IS THE CURRENT INTEREST RATE, WHAT IS THE TOTAL AMOUNT OF MONEY YOU NEED TO PAY? WHAT IS THE REPAYMENT PLAN FOR THE AMOUNT YOU WANT TO BARROW? CAN THE REPAYMENT PERIOD BE OVER 5 YEARS? IMAGINE YOU ARE A FINANCIAL ADVISER. A CUSTOMER COMES AND ASKS FOR INFORMATION ABOUT A LOAN. WHAT WOULD YOU ASK?(HOW MUCH MONEY DO YOU NEED TO BARROW? WHAT DO YOU NEED THE LOAN FOR? DO YOU WANT A SECURED LOAN OR UNSECURED LOAN? T splits the students as a customer and financial adviser. T: YOU ARE A CUSTOMER AND FINANCIAL ADVISER YOU GO TO THE BANK AND TALK TO THE FINANCIAL ADVISER. WHEN YOU FINISH, CHANGE THE ROLES WORK IN PAIRS ICQ: WHAT DO YOU DO? T monitors and notes the errors on the board.