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Story Telling / The Differences Between "Say" and "Tell"
Intermediate level


In this lesson, the students learn about the differences between "say" and "tell" through a text about lying. The lesson starts with a conversation on how to understand someone is lying. This is followed by reading where students check if their guesses are correct. Finally, there is some practice of "say" and "tell" and discussion about some statements about lies.


Abc Student's book

Main Aims

  • To provide some information from a text about lying that includes some vocabulary such as "destroy, nation, guilty..."

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide conversation in the concept of lying.


Stage 1 (Lead In) (5-7 minutes) • To introduce the topic and make it interesting for the students.

-Write three facts about yourself on the board. two of which are true and one of which is false. Ask Ss to ask you question to find out which one is false. Tell them to check for body language cues since you will be lying. Then get Ss to vote on which is a lie. I am married with a daugher. Someone has stolen my purse. I acted in two of Shakespeare's plays.

Stage 2 ( Brainstorming) (3-5 minutes) • To make Ss familiar with the reading part.

- Ask Ss how they can tell if someone is lying. - Board the ideas.

Stage 3 ( Match Vocabulary) (4-5 minutes) • To make Ss familiar with new vocabulary taking place in the reading part.

- Give Ss some cut-outs to match the target words with their definitions. "White lie, destroy, guilty, nation, still, punch line, fiction" - Write the words on the board and have Ss write the correct definitions after completing matching in groups. If an answer is incorrect, ask the Ss about that correct definition or elicit the correct definition.

Stage 4 ( Skimming The Text) (1-2 minutes) • To provide a quick opinion about what they have read.

- Get Ss to skim the text from 1b quickly to see whether their ideas are mentioned. - Circle the mentioned ideas on the board.

Stage 5 ( Match Phrases) (4-5 minutes) • To make sentences with the target phrases "say" and "tell"

- Ss work alone to match the expressions in 2a . - Pairs check each other. - Check the answers with whole class and give feedback.

Stage 6 (Complete The Table) (3-4 minutes) • To provide the different uses of "say" and "tell".

- Ss work in pairs to complete the chart in 2b. - Check the answers with whole class and give feedback. - Read each word to Ss and have them repeat the phrases. - Back chain the phrases that cause difficulty.

Stage 7 ( Stick Words to the Board) (2-3 minutes) • To practice the relevant vocabulary.

- Tell the students not to look at their notes. - Stick two pieces of paper on which "say" and "tell" are written. - Tell Ss to take a piece of paper from the table and stick it under correct word. - Check the answers with whole class.

Stage 8 (Discussion) (10-13 minutes) • To provide discussion among students about the relevant topic.

- Have Ss go through the statements in 2c and check understanding. - Put Ss in groups of 3 to discuss the statements. - Monitor and encourage conversation.

Stage 9 (Optional) (3-4 minutes) • To reinforce the things about lying.

- Have the students watch a video about how to understand someone is lying.

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