Hikmet Sahiner Hikmet Sahiner

TP8 - Grammar/Speaking – Abilities
Beginner A1 level


In this lesson, Ss will read a short article about Russian twins who have amazing abilities and use can / can't to talk about their abilities in a free speaking activity.


Abc Appendix 2
Abc Appendix 1
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Abc Appendix 6

Main Aims

  • To provide clarification of the modal auxiliary can / can’t for talking about abilities in the context of a short article about Russian twins with amazing abilities.

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide free speaking practice of the target language in a “Looking for a Job” game


Warmer/Lead-in (3-5 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

* Start by projecting the context-related lead-in visual (app 1-2). * Ask Ss to look at two pictures and talk about them for a minute in pairs. Ask some CCQs to elicit the word “ability.” * In pairs, Ss brainstorm other abilities that people have, e.g. riding horses, painting, being a DJ. * When the time is up, take some w/c FB.

Exposure (5-7 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through a text or situation

* Give out the app 4 (reading T-F ex) and then the reading text (app 3). * Demo the first question on the wb. * Ss read the text and decide whether the sentences are true or false. * When the time is up, put the ss in pairs to check their answers with a partner and make sure they know why something is false. * Then get feedback from the whole class.

Clarification (8-10 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language

Write on wb: Inna can speak Chinese. They can’t speak Japanese. CCQs to clarify meaning: Does Inna know how to speak Chinese? Did Inna learn how to speak Chinese? Does Inna have the ability to speak Chinese? * Get feedback from the whole class. * Write the following form on wb and elicit: (+) Subj + can + verb. (-) Sub + can’t + verb. * Drill the sentences; first as a whole class and then individually. * Make sure Ss understand the meaning, form and pronunciation of TL.

Controlled Practice (5-7 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

* Tell the ss they are going to do some gap-fill practice. * SS work alone for 2 minutes. * Give out the app 5 and project the practice on wb. * Demo by eliciting and completing the first two gaps on wb. * Ss complete the story using can or can't and the correct verb in the gaps. * Ss then check their answers with a partner. Get feedback from the whole class. * Drill all the sentences with can/can’t from the text.

Free Practice (15-20 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

GAME SETUP * Put the ss into 2 even groups: A: group of employers B: group of job-seekers * Tell the SS that they are going to play a game. But before the game elicit and clarify some vocabulary by writing on wb: draw, paint, ride a horse, ski, violin, note, kindergarten, au pair, journalist * We have 2 groups: the employers (WANTED) find the right person for the job and the job-seekers (I CAN) find a good job. * Give them a role card (app 6) each. * The employers move around the class, asking the job seekers. They can only give the job to the right job-seeker. * Bring 2 job-seekers to wb with their cards: You are the employer: You ask the first job-seeker the questions and he answers: Can you use a computer? Yes, I can use a computer. Can you speak German? No, I can’t speak German. Sorry. Then go up to the other student: Can you use a computer? Yes, I can use a computer. Can you speak German? Yes, I can speak German. Can you drive? No, I can’t drive. Sorry. * Employers take notes as they get answers from the job-seekers. If they get a No, I can’t answer, they say they are sorry and move on to another job-seeker. * If the employer finds the person who answers Yes to all her questions, then she gives the job. * Then ask the SS all to stand up and go on asking people and taking notes. * The SS should stand up and the employers move around the class asking job-seekers the can questions and job-seekers give answers. * When they find out, they should write the name of the job-seeker on their card and the job-seeker should write the name of the employer. * Give the SS about 10 minutes to do this and when all the ss match, the game is over. If there are any ss left, they get to stay jobless.

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