Ayat Nabil Ayat Nabil

Present perfect continuous
Intermediate level

Description

In this lesson Ss will practice using since, for, ago and the present perfect continuous in the context of life stories.

Materials

Abc Dance Music
Abc Answers' handout
Abc put in order slips of paper
Abc New Cutting Edge CD
Abc New Cutting Edge Student's Book
Abc Shakira's picture

Main Aims

  • By the end of this lesson, Ss will have practiced using since, for, ago and the present perfect continuous in the context of life stories.

Subsidiary Aims

  • To practice speaking in the context of successful events.

Procedure

Lead-in and a gist task (5-8 minutes) • To generate interest in the topic, set the lesson's context and engage students.

- Present Shakira's picture to the students. Ask them who she is? -Give them four sentences about her life and ask them to work together to put them in order. Give instructions and ask ICQs: - Are you going to write anything? - Are you going to work alone or in one group? -After finishing the task try to elicit the topic through CCQs: - When was Shakira born? This was in the....past or present? - Is she still singing or stopped singing? - when was her first hit released? This was in the past or present? - Is she still living in Spain? - What do you think our topic is about? past, present, present perfect continuous? -Let the Ss take one minute to read exercise 1a and ask them "what is about?". Ask them to listen and complete.Give instructions and ask ICQs: -What are we going to do? - Are you going to work alone or together? - Are you going to write long or short answers? -Ask them to check their answers together and give feedback.

Clarify language (MFP) (8-10 minutes) • To make Ss aware of the meaning, form, pronunciation of the present perfect continuous and the use of since, ago and for.

- Choose three sentences from the listening exercise and write them on the board. 1. Sara was born 38 years ago. 2. she's been playing volleyball for 22 years. 3. she's lived in Rome since 1999. - Start to elicit the meaning and form through asking CCQs then providing a timeline for the present perfect continuous. - What do you notice about the first sentence? Is it in the past? How did you know? Do we use ago to speak about something in the past? - Is she still playing volleyball? Is the action finished? Do we know for how long she has been playing volleyball? Do we use for to talk about duration? Draw the timeline and highlight form (subject + has/ have + been + verb +ing) on my hand and drill with Ss. - Is she still living in Rome? When she started living in Rome? Do we use since to talk about fixed times?

Controlled practice (10-15 minutes) • To allow Ss to practice using the present perfect continuous and since, ago and for.

-Set the task: Give Ss the tapescript on page 163 and ask each one on his own to complete the gaps with the correct form of the verb. Ask ICQs and demonstrate the first one with them. - Are you going to work alone or in groups? - What are you going to do? - What we are going to use? - After finishing the exercise, ask them to check their answers together then give them handouts with answers and feedback. - Set the second controlled practice task: Ask each one on his own to complete the gaps with the correct form of the verb and choose. Ask ICQs and demonstrate the first one with them. - Are you going to work alone or in groups? - What are you going to do? - After finishing the exercise, ask them to check their answers together then give them handouts with answers and feedback.

Producing language (freer practice) and feedback (10-12 minutes) • To allow Ss produce language in the context of lifelines using the present perfect continuous, for, since and ago

-Set the freer practice tsk: Ask Ss to take 2 minutes to write a lifeline for themselves and provide them with useful structures and vocabulary on the board to use during the activity. Ask each one to talk to his partner. Give instructions and ask ICQs: -Are you going to speak first or take notes? -What you are going to use to help you? - Monitor the speaking task, while playing some music in the back. After finishing the activity, ask each student to tell the class something about his partner. - Give feedback and correct errors at the end of the lesson.

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