Kathleen Kathleen

Elementary level


This class is to clarify the grammar of infinitives in relation to ambitions and to some extent advice. The lesson will begin with visuals to set the context and move on to gap fill and pair work activities. There will also be some game like elements to practice the form of the grammar and to focus on the sub aim we shall do a writing task in the free practice to get to grips with the grammar.


Abc Interview Q's
Abc Tic tak toe grids
Abc Visuals
Abc Answer keys
Abc Gap fill exercise

Main Aims

  • To provide clarification of Infinitives in the context of Ambition

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide process writing practice of a Email tweets in the context of Ambitions


Warmer/Lead-in (3-5 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

Project images of people doing things e.g. graduating,visiting landmarks, cooking. Elicit what are the plans for the future in these pictures? After I give the SS that the context is ambitions. I will then elicit from the picture further what do the people want to do in the future? Emphasising 'to'. Hopefully SS will answer with (to cycle. To swim.)

Exposure (8-10 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through a text or situation

Show the form of the grammar on the board. As well as, a list of model sentences and CCQ, How many verbs are in each sentence? (Two) What word do we put after the first verb? (To) What tense are the verbs in? (Present) -Use a picture of Istanbul and a list of example phrases in bold (page 87 Q4). Explain a tourist has an ambition to come to Istanbul. In groups they should complete a list of infinitives for advice for him. -Get some volunteer answers. -Mingle and compare answers. -Get

Highlighting (2-4 minutes) • To draw students' attention to the target language

Have the SS in pairs and work through exercise 11B on page 145 from the grammar bank. After, have them look under their desk for the answer.

Clarification (8-10 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language

Have the SS refer to model sentences on the board. Indicate stress and intonation. Remember to backchain and stop. So the SS have to be creative and add the infinitive, thus keeping their attention. -Drill by showing the intonation rising on the second syllable of verbs or the stress being on the first verb and the 'to' being quick and not long. Use hand gestures for this.

Controlled Practice (8-10 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

-CCQ Are infinitives used for ambitions: I want to hike The Andes? (Yes) Are infinitives used to give advice: You need to buy boots? (Yes) Do we use to + verbing? (No) Why? (They are Gerunds) -Have the SS complete (1a)page 71) they will work in pairs. -Then they can find the answers and feedback pinned around the walls of the class.

Semi-Controlled Practice (8-10 minutes) • To concept check further and prepare students for free practice

-Give the SS copies of the teacher made interview. First hand out the interview Q for A and then after hand out the interview Q for B. -Have SS complete a game of tic tak toe to make sentences using the verbs in the spaces. They must come up with the + to infinitive themselves. -Model the task with a game on the board and one of the students first using e.g. need, hope, want. -Play in pairs three in a row wins

Free Practice (8-10 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

Have the SS in groups. They must write a website page like twitter about their ambitions, using the infinitive grammar. They must put their name and write a few sentences then put the website around the room for the class to read. -Provide a coloured piece of paper and strips of white paper for them to stick tac it together before hanging on the wall. -Then the class can walk around the room and read each others ambitions -If there is extra time, have the SS interview each other in a mingle exercise or they can play tic tak toe alone.

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