Osman Osman

PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE
B2 level

Description

IN THIS LESSON, THE STUDENTS LEARN PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE THROUGH GUIDED DISCOVERY BASED ON A READING TEXT ABOUT POMPEII.

Materials

No materials added to this plan yet.

Main Aims

  • To provide clarification, review and practice of past perfect continuous tense in the context of Pompeii

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide gist reading practice using a text about Pompeii in the context of Pompeii
  • To provide fluency and accuracy speaking practice in a conversation in the context of Pompeii

Procedure

Warmer/Lead-in (3-5 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

T shows the images of "Pompeii" T: WHAT IS THE NAME OF THIS PLACE? WHERE IS IT? WHAT HAPPENNED THERE?(VOLCANIC MOUNTAIN VESUVIUS ERUPTED IN 79 AD) CAN YOU GUESS HOW MANY PEOPLE PERISHED?/WHAT WAS THE DEATH TOLL? (15000-20000) DO YOU KNOW HOW OFTEN VESIVIUS ERUPTS?(ONCE EVERY 2000 YEARS) WHEN WAS THE LAST TIME IT ERUPTED?(1944)

Exposure (8-10 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through a text or situation

T gives the handout "Vocabulary". T: LOOK AT THE WORDS TELL EACH OTHER THE ONES YOU KNOW FOR THE REST WORK AS A TEAM FIND THE MEANINGS AND PASS EACH OTHER WORK AS A TEAM T: LOOK AT 2.2, PART 3 READ THE TEXT DISCUSS WITH YOUR PARTNER HOW YOU FEEL ABOUT EACH SITUATION WRITE DOWN YOUR OPINIONS WORK IN PAIRS T: READ THE QUESTIONS AT THE BOTTOM IN 2.2 PART 4 READ THE TEXT ANSWER THE QUESTIONS DO IT ALONE ICQ: WHAT DO YOU DO? T: CHECK WITH YOUR PARTNER T REVEALS THE KEY

Highlighting (2-4 minutes) • To draw students' attention to the target language

T writes the marker sentences: " People in Pompeii had been going about their everyday lives when the volcano erupted. Some had been working in the fields, while others had been bathing at the public house. T: WHAT ARE THE MAIN VERBS? ARE THEY GOING ABOUT THEIR LIVES NOW? IN THE FUTURE? IN THE PAST?(YES) ARE THERE TWO ACTIONS?(YES) DOES ONE ACTION INTERUPT THE OTHER?(YES)

Clarification (8-10 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language

T draws the time line started ________________ finished now past _______________________________________________I___________ future T: WHEN DID THE MOUNTAIN ERUPT? NOW? PAST? WHERE DO I MARK IT ON THE TIMELINE? WHAT HAD BEEN HAPPENNING BEFORE THAT?(BATHING, WORKING) WHEN HAD THEY STARTED BATHING, WORKING? WHAT DO WE TALK ABOUT IF WE START SOMETHING AND CONTINUES FOR SOMETIME?(DURATION) T writes on the board "Past perfect continuous tense" T: WHEN DO WE USE PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE? T writes "use past perfect continuous tense" 1) for a past event that was in progress up the a certain point in the past before it was interrupted by another past action 2) to emphasize the duration of something Ex: They had been working in the field for five hours. 3) to explain a reason for something in the past. They were exhausted, because they had being working in the field for five hours. T writes (+), (-), (?) sentences on the board. T writes the form: (+) subject + had been + main verb in base form + ing (-) subject + hadn't been + main verb in base form + ing (?) Had + subject + been + main verb in base form + ing T writes the form for Wh questions: What/When/Where/How + had + subject + been + main verb in base form + ing Who + had been + main verb in base form + ing T; THIS TENSE IS MAINLY USED IN WRITTEN ENGLISH. FOR SPOKEN ENGLISH WE USE PAST CONTINUOUS TENSE CCQ: DID THE PEOPLE IN POMPEII WORK IN THE FIELD OVER A PERIOD OF TIME UNTIL THE MOUNTAIN ERUPTED?(YES) DID THEY CONTINUE WORKING AFTER THE ERUPTION?(NO) WHAT HAPPENED?(THEY PERISHED)

Controlled Practice (8-10 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

T gives the handout " Unit 16" T: LOOK AT 16.1 READ THE SITUATIONS MAKE SENTENCES FROM THE WORDS IN BRACKETS USING PAST FERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE DO IT ALONE ICQ: WHAT DO YOU DO? T: CHECK WITH YOUR PARTNER T REVEALS THE KEY

Semi-Controlled Practice (8-10 minutes) • To concept check further and prepare students for free practice

T: LOOK AT 16.2 READ THE SITUATIONS COMPLETE THE SENTENCES WITH PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE DO IT ALONE ICQ: WHAT DO YOU DO? T: CHECK WITH YOUR PARTNER T REVEALS THE KEY

Free Practice (8-10 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

T: LOOK AT PART 5 READ IT FIRST CHOOSE ONE OF THE ROLES PREPARE 5 MINUTES FOR THE QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS USE PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE FOR THE QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS CARRY OUT INTERVIEWS. WORK IN GROUPS. ICQ: WHAT DO YOU DO: T monitors and notes the errors. T writes the errors on the board for correction. GAME: You can use a simple game of charades to practice the past perfect progressive tense with your ESL students. Ask one person to come to the front of the class and act out a daily activity (you can assign one or have the student choose his own) while the rest of the class keeps their eyes closed. On your signal, the actor freezes in his charade and the rest of the class opens their eyes. The students then guess what the actor had been doing when they opened their eyes. All questions should be in the past perfect progressive.

Web site designed by: Nikue