Babak Jahanaray Babak Jahanaray

Countable nouns with -s or -es
Beginner A1 level


In this lesson, the SS are going to learn -s or -es at the end of different countable nouns through guided discovery. The lesson will start with showing some pictures about plural nouns and eliciting the plural forms. The SS will then find out why some nouns take -s and some -es. Some extra written exercises. The last step will be listening to a kiosk owner, answering some comprehension questions, and talking about different items in plural forms.


Abc English Unlimited Beginner Student Book page 39 HO
Abc English Unlimited Beginner CB Audio track 1.77
Abc English Unlimited Beginner Coursebook Audio track 1.78
Abc Teacher made HOs
Abc Prompts

Main Aims

  • To provide clarification of plural ending -s or -es for countable nouns in the context of Everyday items found in kiosks

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide accuracy speaking practice in a conversation


Lead-in (6-7 minutes) • To activate Ss' existing knowledge of the topic

- show some pictures using OHP - ask Ss to work in pairs and tell the names - write the words on the board in two different groups; -s or -es endings. I will ask Ss if they know why there are two different groups. The answer is -s and -es endings.

Teach and practice (8-10 minutes) • To clarify the TL

I will explain why some words take -s in their plural forms and some -es. I will ask CCQs to clarify the topic. Then Ss will receive their first HO in which they have to write -s or -es to some words. Then they will check their answers in pairs. I will give O/C FB.

Teach and practice (8-10 minutes) • To clarify the 3 different pronunciations of plural -s and -es

The next stage is drilling with an enhanced emphasis on sound of -s and -es. I will conduct this stage in a way that the Ss can understand themselves that there are 3 different pronunciations. The words in this stage are the same words which Ss did in the previous step. As they are repeating, I will write the words on the board in 3 different rows according to their /s/,/z/, or /Iz/ sound. It will turn into a table then I will explain why there are 3 different groups. The final step is to ask the Ss to complete the chart in their HO, read them in groups of 3, and receive O/C FB.

Listening (4-5 minutes) • To set the context for the conversation

- Ss will see a picture of a kiosk and in pairs discuss what they can see in it. - Listen to the owner of the kiosk and answer 3 questions in the HO. - Listen to the other track and complete the sentences. Each stage will follow a PC and O/C FB.

Free practice (12-13 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

Ss will listen to me model a conversation then they will mingle and do the conversation using the prompts that I will give them. They will talk and try to find the person who sells their needed stuff. The conversation will be something like this: -Do you sell sunglasses? -No, we don't sell sunglasses. -Do you sell pens? -Yes, we sell pens. The model of the conversation will also go on the board.

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