AmirHossein AmirHossein

Grammar - Defining Relative Clauses
File2B level


In this lesson, first sts are introduced to simple defining relative clauses through the context of word game in class. This shows sts that relative clauses can help them in the skills of paraphrasing, describing and defining words in English.


Abc Speaking Questions

Main Aims

  • To provide clarification and practice of defining relative clauses

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide fluency and accuracy speaking practice in conversations


Warmer/Lead-in (3-4 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

In the beginning, I start the class with a short greeting. Then I play a little word game with them in order to make them familiar with. For example I say it’s a place where we go when we are sick. They would say hospital. I ask them 3 or 4 words like that and then we go the next stage.

Exposure (4-7 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through a text or situation

Sts play a word game together. St A give the definition of a word to st B and st B should guess that word with its definition. Then they change roles. St B give the definition of another word and st A should guess that word. It continues in the same way. Then we check the answers.

Highlighting (3-4 minutes) • To draw students' attention to the target language

I ask students to match the sentences and the words to the three category: People, Places and Things. Then we check their answers and I ask them in the sentences related to the people what word is common in both sentences ? they would answer who. I ask similar questions for the other two categories and their answers would be "where" and "that". So I elicit these from sts: Who for people , Where for places, That for things.

Clarification (9-10 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language

With the help of sts I clarify that we use Who, Where, That to explain and describe What a person, place or thing is or does. Then we check that how we use who,where or that in sentences. we repeat some sentences with emphasizing on the defining relative clauses. In the end I ask sts some CCQ questions.

Controlled Practice (8-10 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

Books open, sts go to the grammar bank in the end of their book and do some grammar exercises in pair. Then we check the answers.

Semi-Controlled Practice (7-8 minutes) • To concept check further and prepare students for free practice

sts go the communication of their book and play whats the word together.

Free Practice (8-10 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

Sts discuss some speaking question which I will give them together.

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