Alethea Simatos Alethea Simatos

Intermediate level


In this lesson, students learn the basics of gerunds and infinitives through guided discovery based on a listening text about everyday ways to help the environment. The lesson starts with a brief discussion on whether individuals can help the environment, followed by a listening gist task about a dialogue on the same subject. MFP is presented through a guided discovery worksheet, some controlled practice and ends with a freer practice speaking activity where students personalise the topic.


Abc Listening text
Abc TP7 slides
Abc Controlled practice handout
Abc Guided discovery handout
Abc Controlled practice Answer key
Abc Prompt cards

Main Aims

  • To provide clarification and practice of gerunds and infinitives in the context of everyday ways to help the environment

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide accuracy and fluency speaking practice in a discussion in the context of everyday ways to help the environment
  • To provide prediction practice with a listening text in the context of everyday ways to help the environment


Warmer/Lead-in (3-5 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

T asks shows phrase "One person can make a difference" and asks SS if they agree or disagree when it comes to the environment.

Exposure/Listening Task (8-10 minutes) • To provide context for and exposure to the target language through a prediction task with a listening text

T elicits everyday ways to save the planet from Ss and boards the answers. SS listen to the text and make notes of ones they hear. Peer-check to see if partner has any answers they missed. T ticks off the predictions during WCFB and boards any others that were not on the list.

Clarification (8-10 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language through guided discovery

T shows slide with a couple of marker sentences from the text and elicits what the TL is. SS answer the Meaning section of the GD handout, peer-check and WCFB. T uses CCQs to check understanding. SS complete the FORM section of the GD handout in pairs, peer-check with group and WCFB. SS answer the Pronunciation section of the GD handout, peer-check and WCFB. T boards, models and drills.

Controlled Practice (5-8 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

SS complete the controlled practice task on the handout. Peer-check, then check answers against answer key. T elicits whether there are any Qs/answers that need discussion.

Semi-controlled speaking practice (5-7 minutes) • To provide students with practice for accuracy, to concept check further and prepare students for free practice

In pairs, SS ask and answer the questions for about themselves using the TL

Freer Practice (8-12 minutes) • To provide students with freer practice of the target language

In pairs, SS discuss which of the everyday ways to save the planet they already do, which they would like to do, and what other ones they are doing or would like to do. If there is enough time, they swap partners and repeat. T monitors and takes notes.

Feedback on Language (2-4 minutes) • To provide students with feedback on their language use.

T boards examples of good language and any problem areas that affect accurate production of the TL. Elicits correct language/reformulation from the SS.

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