Nargess Nargess

Grammar; used to
American English File 2.E. level


In this lesson students learn how to use " used to" through a listening file. The class starts with talking about childhood and school experiences. Then they will listen to an audio file about school memories of different people. After that some comprehension questions will be asked and answered and one example of the new grammar will be highlighted. The teacher asks a couple of concept checking questions to ascertain students' understanding. The structure will be taught and the teacher should drill the target language. Finally, students underline other examples of TL in the transcript and go through the controlled and freer practice activities.


Abc Pictures of childhood, report cards of elementary school, paper slips

Main Aims

  • To provide clarification of used to in the context of memories of school and childhood

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide fluency speaking practice in a conversation in the context of things they used to do as a child


Warmer/Lead-in (3-5 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

The teacher shows her childhood pictures and report cards to students and talks about what she used to do as a child or as a school students ( I used to have a bicycle, I didn't use to be good at Arabic,...). Then the T asks students some questions: 1.did you get a report cards at the end of each term? 2.did you use to be a good or bad student? 3.did you always show them to your parents?

Exposure (8-10 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through a text or situation

Students will be given a paper that they have to match the new words and their definitions and after that they will listen to an audio file about school memories of 6 different people. They should say if the people liked or disliked them.

Highlighting (2-4 minutes) • To draw students' attention to the target language

After students answered some comprehension questions, the teacher will direct their attention to this sentence which is the TL: We used to play rugby at school which i hated. This sentence is written on a paper with three CCQs that will be copied and given to students.

Clarification (8-10 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language

Three concept checking questions are provided for students for checking their understanding of the context. Then the teacher writes the example of the target language on the board and asks students to say how do we use "used to" in a sentence. They will drill the pronunciation through exercise 3 on page 79. Finally, students will underline or highlight more examples of the TL in the transcript which will be distributed to them.

Controlled Practice (8-10 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

Students will do an exercise on page 145 as a controlled practice to check if they have fully understood the lesson.

Semi-Controlled Practice (8-10 minutes) • To concept check further and prepare students for free practice

Students have a time limitation to think about their childhood and draw a picture of themselves on a paper and write down 3 thing they used to do as a child. Then they'll show it to their partner in pairs and read their sentences aloud for each other.

Free Practice (8-10 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

Students will discuss some questions on page 237 from teachers' book in their groups and will fluently use the target language.

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