Firenur Koç Firenur Koç

Past Perfect Tense Lesson Plan
Pre-intermediate, Grade 7 level


In this lesson, students will learn about Past Perfect Tense and the difference between Simple Past Tense and Past Perfect Tense through a warm-up, a main and a follow-up activity.


Abc Sentences from a short story

Main Aims

  • The students will learn about Past Perfect Tense and they will be able to differentiate Past Perfect Tense from Simple Past Tense in terms of both meaning and structure.

Subsidiary Aims

  • The students will be able to create the story by given sentences understanding the context. The students will be able to match the sentence halves and find the first and second events. The students will be able to analyse the pictures given and create sentences in Past Simple and Past Perfect Tense accordingly.


Warmer/Lead-in (8-10 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

The teacher will divide students into pairs and distribute them mixed sentences taken from a short story and ask them to put the sentences into the correct order. The teacher will hang a cartoon about the topic on the wall and student will stick the sentences in the correct order below the cartoon.

Highlighting (2-5 minutes) • To draw students' attention to the target language

The teacher will ask some questions about the story which will lead the students to use the new structure and the teacher will write one of the sentences which include both Simple Past and Past Perfect Tense on the board.

Clarification (3-5 minutes) • To clarify the form the target language

The teacher will draw a timeline on the board just below the sentence already written. The teacher will explain the students that both actions happened in the past but one of them happened earlier, and the students will find the 1st and 2nd actions.

Controlled Practice (8-10 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

The teacher will divide the class into groups and distribute the students sentence halves to be matched in an envelope and ask them match all 10 halves to each other. Then, the teacher will read a part of a sentence and a student will complete the rest of the sentence, come to the stage and place sentence halves under '1st&2nd actions' titles on the board.

Semi-Controlled Practice (8-10 minutes) • To make students practice the new structure

The teacher will divide the class into groups and give each group 4 pictures of different people. First, the teacher will explain the activity with an example, then each student will take a picture and write a sentence in Simple Past Tense below the picture about what happens in the picture. Later, s/he will pass the picture to another student in the group and s/he write a new sentence below with Pas Perfect Tense making up a reason for his/her peer's comment. Finally, all the class will share some ideas about each picture.

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