Nilay Artemel Nilay Artemel

Intermediate level


In this lesson, students learn about present perfect. They will practice speaking by talking to their partners about their experiences and they will try to find people with similar experiences.


Main Aims

  • To provide review and practice of the Present Perfect in the context of experiences

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide practice through speaking about past experiences


Warmer/Lead-in (3-5 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

Before starting the lesson, T reminds Ss about the text they have read in the previous lessons. T asks students what the text was about and what has happened in the story. T elicits answers and asks some questions related to the text.

Exposure (8-10 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through a text or situation

In activity 1, T writes some of the sentences Ss produced during the lead in on the board. T asks Ss to look at the text again and elicits the form from the Ss. T tells Ss to match the questions with appropriate endings and gives the handouts. T shows an example on the board. Ss work in pairs. T elicits answers.

Clarification (8-10 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language

T asks "What is the best party you have ever been to?" and nominates some Ss. Then, T explains that "ever" means at any time in your life up to now. If we are talking about something at a specific time in the past, we use Past Tenses instead of Present Perfect. T asks CCQs to check for the meaning. Then, T draws a timeline to show where Present Perfect stands. In Activity 2, Ss choose the possible responses and check their answers with their pairs. T elicits answers. . In activity 3, Ss complete the sentences with possible time expressions. Ss check their answers in pairs and ask each other which answers are true for them.

Controlled Practice (8-10 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

Then, Ss stand up and stand next to each other in a circle. Everybody asks one of the questions from Activity 1 to the person on the right. They answer with the possible short answers. T monitors the activity.

Semi-Controlled Practice (8-10 minutes) • To concept check further and prepare students for free practice

T gives the H/O. Ss work together to decide what the landmarks show. T checks with the class. Then, Ss ask each other the questions on the folded part. When they change partners and compare their answers. T takes feedback.

Free Practice (8-10 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

T explains Ss to think about some experiences they have had in their life and what kind of experiences they were by using the vocabulary they covered in the previous class such as interesting/exciting/frightening/dangerous. In groups of three, Ss write five sentences on the paper. They exhange their papers with the people in their group. Everybody reads two papers. Then, they fold their papers and T collects the papers. Ss randomly pick papers from the box in turns and Ss try to guess who wrote that paper.

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