The use of used to and would
Upper Intermediate level
To provide clarification and practice of used to and would in the context of childhood memories
To provide process and product writing and speaking practice of a report in the context of childhood memories
Procedure (35-45 minutes)
Elicit childhood memories CCQ: childhood memories if needed. Choral drill - childhood memories (n) WB, pronunciation- childhood memories /ˈtʃaɪldˌhʊd/ /ˈmem(ə)ri/ PW, Show PPT of six different events of early childhood. By activating schemata, have Ss discuss and write down on a piece of paper 3-4 sentences of their own childhood memories. T monitor closely for error corrections for later, what tenses Ss are using to tell their stories. Have Ss keep the piece of paper for later. (To do self error corrections)
WB, write one or two sentences of childhood memories connected with the pic. Elicit 'used to' and 'would' to connect the sentences. Ask Ss what do we use when we .... .... talk about repeated actions or habits in the past that don't happen now e.g I (would/used to) cry so hard when I was in the shower. (CCQs: Do I cry when I'm in the shower now? Did I (use to) cry when I showered in the past? I (used to) have my snack from my dog's bowl. However, we can't use would here because would must follow by an action/verb. (would+action) Negative: I didn't use to ...... Have Ss notice this: e.g. When I was a teenager, I used to to love sleeping late on weekends. BUT can't use would to replace used to Would must always followed by an action/verb We can't use would with the state e.g understanding, be, love, feeling Would is more formal. Encourage the Ss to use used to instead of would
Choral drill pronunciation: use to and would (modal verb) /ˈjuːst tuː/ /wʊd/ WB- The form See LA, WB page Clarify that 'often' is always use with would only. PW, Have Ss do self corrections from what they wrote on the piece of paper and repeat with their partner. B) -to talk about past conditions that have changed, we only use "used to" and not "would" E.g I used to be a vegetarian CCQ: Am I a vegetarian? No I didn't used to eat meat Do I eat meat now? Yes I used to live in Malaysia PW, have Ss use used to to talk about past changed conditions. Feedback: open class C) -we don't use "would" or "used to" when we talk about a one time event, we use past simple E.g I tried frog soup once, but I didn't like it. (CCQ: How many time did I try?) I went to Australia, and I loved it there. (CCQ: How many time did I go to Australia?) PW, have Ss make sentences with past simple. Feedback: open class
PW, HO #1 Peer cheeking. Give the answer in a sheet of paper.
Activity truths and a lie Demo: Use the four events of the childhood memories and have Ss guess which one event didn't happened. PW, Have Ss practice to ask " Did you use to....? Answer and if not let them try to guess which event that didn't happened in the past. Tell them the answer.
PW or mingle if time permits, have Ss do the same activity, use the previous 3 sentences they wrote on the piece of paper earlier but with an addition of one lie. Ss will use used to or would to form sentences. ICQ, have Ss aware how to ask the questions and how to answer with the negative form. Feedback: Ss will try to find the lie from each one. Monitor closely and do error corrections if it's needed