Amena Zahid Haider Amena Zahid Haider

Used to lesson
Intermediate B1 level


In this lesson, the students will learn about the usage of used to in the context of memories and past habits. They will read extracts from an article where the British writer, John Mortimer and his daughter, Emily share their memories. Students will be exposed to the target language in the model text. By the end of this lesson, students should be able to write a few sentences using used to and use it in speaking as well.


Abc Gap fill handout
Abc image
Abc Matching exercise
Abc writing and speaking activity
Abc Finding the right extract (gist task)

Main Aims

  • To provide clarification and practice of the concept of used to in the context of memories and past habits

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide accuracy and fluency speaking practice in a conversation about childhood recollections.


Warmer/Lead-in (3-5 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

The image of John Mortimer with his name will be projected on the board. Elicit. 'Does anyone know who John Mortimer is? What is his profession? Students try to guess his profession (in pairs ) Elicit. Each pair shares their idea. Write 'writer' (or if anyone says author, dramatist, barrister)

Exposure (8-8 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through a text or situation

Students will be given a text about John Mortimer and his daughter, Emily. Ss go through the text quickly and answer the first question. (60 sec) Ss check answers in pairs. Project the text on the board. Give the first answer by writing it on the board next to the text. Four students to come and write answers to the rest. Error correction if needed. Ask the Ss if they like the father or the daughter more. WCF

Highlighting (2-4 minutes) • To draw students' attention to the target language

Ask Ss to underline all the sentences with Used to + verb from the text. Project text on board. Students do true/ false activity and then check their answers from answer key (folded) Check answers in pairs. WCF

Clarification (8-10 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language

Write the two model sentences on WB 'He used to drive me to school.' 'I used to send my eggs back.' CCQs: Who went to school?[ Emily] Who drove her to school?[ Her father] Does he drive her to school now? [no] Highlight 'used to drive'. Tell Ss it was in the past and its finished now. Draw timeline. Write forms for [+], [-] , [?] (Make sure to highlight 'use to' in negative and interrogative forms) He didn't use to drive me to school. Did he use to drive me to school? Mark /s/ on used and /t /on the examples. pronunciation drill. Finger technique, front chaining

Controlled Practice (10-10 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

Ss do matching exercise in pairs. (2 minutes) Monitor. Project activity on board. Model from the example. 6 students to come and write answers. Error correction. (Ask students first, then offer explanation if no one gives right answer/ explanation) Students are given gapfill exercise. (2 minutes) Monitor and note errors. Ss check answers in pairs. Project activity on board. Model from example. Students to come and write answers on the board. WCF

Semi-Controlled Practice (6-8 minutes) • To concept check further and prepare students for free practice

Students write sentences about themselves when they were younger. Guiding sentences with 'used to' are given to them. Read out the first one and elicit ideas. (brainstorming) Ss work on their own. (3 minutes) and then compare in pairs. WCF Write interesting ideas on the board.

Free Practice (8-10 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

Model by asking a student the question. " Did you use to play tennis?" [ Yes/ no] Now S asks teacher " Did you use to play tennis?" "We both used to play tennis." Show Ss that they will make questions from the previous exercise. Students ask questions in a mingle. (4 minutes) Monitor and help only if necessary WCF ." Did you find anything similar ?" Elicit sentences with " we both used to ............."

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