Ehsan Morshedloo Ehsan Morshedloo

The World of work / Present perfect
Intermediate B1 level


In this lesson, students learn about present perfect via guided discovery based on listening to Nancy Mann being interviewed for the job. This is followed by gap-filling exercises as well as matching exercise telling about Nancy'life story to a partner. In addition, the learners talk about their life stories to their peers.


Main Aims

  • To provide clarification, review and practice of Present perfect in the context of The world of work

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide gist and detailed listening practice using a text about The world of work in the context of The Job Interview


Warmer/Lead-in (3-5 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

1) Project the picture of Nancy Mann being interviewed for the job. 2) Elicit whatever they see to understand from the picture. 3) Then, I tell them: "in this picture, the lady whose name is Nancy is looking for a job and now she is getting interviewed. 4) So, I ask the students to tell their partners in one minute "what questions the man is asking from Nancy?". 5) After that, some of the students share the feedback to the class.

Test #1 (8-10 minutes) • To gauge students' prior knowledge of the target language

1) Having projected the picture of Nancy and the interviewer on the board, students listen to the interview of Nancy Mann for the first time and answer a question: Do think she will get it? why/why not? ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- (ICQs)~ Is she looking for a job? (Yes)~~Are you listening to Nancy's story or her job interview? 9Her job interview) ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 2) The answer will be checked first in pairs and then with the whole class. 3) Then they are given a handout to read the first part of Nancy's interview and are asked to complete the sentences with "do, did, or have". ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ (ICQs) Should you only read or write some words? (write some words)~What words should you write? do/did/done ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 4) They listen again to check their answers and share their understandings with their peers. 5) As a whole class feedback, the text is projected on the board and different volunteers are invited to fill the gaps.

Teach (10-12 minutes) • To clarify areas of the target language where students had difficulty in the first test stage

1) Asking questions from the class, I elicited the following sentences from the listening by asking questions like: "Does Nancy still work for Intertec? (Yes). "How long has she worked for Intertec? she has worked there for nearly five years." "Does her experience refer to the past or future? (To the past) 2) I project a timeline describing present perfect.Therefore, I explain the pupils that imagine the person you see in the timeline is Nancy Mann. She talks about her job experience in Intertec with the use of present perfect. 3) Then I highlight the simple present perfect and the meaning which is conveyed to a listener and elicit the form and practice the linking and stress sound chorally. 4) This will be practiced and given hot error correction to the whole class. As a result, MFP is clarified or reviewed as well.

Test #2 (8-10 minutes) • Check students' use of the target language again and compare with the first test

1) Students are given the second handout. 2) They are asked to read and complete the second part of the interview. 3) They listen to check their answers and read them back to their partners. 4) As a whole class feedback, the text is projected on the board and different volunteers are invited to fill the gaps.

Semi controlled and Freer practice (14-17 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

1)Students are given the third handout including eight incomplete sentences. 2) First, They are asked to complete the sentences about themselves individually. 3) They share some personal information with their peers in groups. 4) As a whole class activity, they tell the class what they have learned about their peers. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 5)Finally, students are instructed to share their past experiences in a job, education, travel, movie, and book with their classmates. 6)Meanwhile, I monitor the class activity and write their errors on the board in order to elicit the correct forms in feedback stage. 7) At the end, they report to the class what they talked about.

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