Hamza Belmoudden Hamza Belmoudden

Past Simple: Wh Questions
Elementary level level


In this lesson, students will learn how to ask wh-questions in the past simple. They will also practice speaking depending on the target language.


No materials added to this plan yet.

Main Aims

  • To provide clarification of Wh questions in the past simple in the context of famous characters (history-makers)

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide accuracy speaking practice in a conversation in the context of past events.


Warmer/Lead-in (3-5 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

-Display 5 pictures of famous characters (Albert Einstein, Wright brothers, Mother Teresa, George Washington and Marco Polo) -Ask students: do you know these people? who are they? when did they live, now or in the past? -HO1 (quiz) here you have 5 questions about the people we talked about. read the questions and circle the right answers in groups. ICQs -are you going to do it alone or in groups? are you going to write your own answers or circle the answers you have here? -WC FB

Exposure (8-10 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through a text or situation

-Look at the table on the WB. notice the word order of past simple questions. -Do the first example myself on WB and then ask the students to do the same with sentences 2 & 3. -HO 2: look at the first example and put the sentences 2&3 in the right word order. (solo) -CCQs are you going to write the sentences altogether or write each word in the right place? are you going to do it alone or in groups? -check in pairs -ask 2 students to write the answers on the WB

Clarification (8-10 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language

-keep the chart -where did Albert Einstein come from? where did mother Teresa live for most of her life? CCQs: can I answer these questions with yes or no? (I can't, I need to give information) the appropriate answer to WH-QUESTIONS is always an information not "yes" or "no" Elicit the form of the wh-questions from the examples in the chart QUESTION WORD + DID + SUBJECT + BASE FORM (infinitive) - Write examples, Where do you live? Where did you live? I will draw a timeline and ask the students which sentence is in the present and which one is in the past? - Elicit and write on the timeline - Highlight that in the past we use "did" and in the present, we use "do", whereas the verb stays in the base form (infinitive) in a different color to make that the students have understood.

Controlled Practice (8-10 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

-HO 3: here I have mixed up words, I want you to put them in the correct order to make a question, work individually. ICQs: are the words organized or mixed up? are you going to do it alone or in groups? -Check in pairs. -Play the recording and ask them to check their answers. -play the recording again to practice (here I will do some drilling)

Semi-Controlled Practice (8-10 minutes) • To concept check further and prepare students for free practice

-Get the students into pairs -Ask your partner the questions from the previous activity. for example, what did you do last night? last night I watched a movie. -Monitor for errors.

Free Practice (if time) (8-10 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

-Choose 5-8 events in your life and write the year when these things happened in a timeline. (I will model my timeline first). -get into pairs and tell your partner about your timeline. your partner will ask questions about the stuff on your timeline. Ex: student 1- I met my husband in 1998. Student 2- where did you meet him?

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