Upper-Intermediate level


Abc Powerpoint Presentation

Main Aims

  • To provide practice, review and clarification of narrative tenses in the context of an incident on a flight

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide gist and detailed reading practice using a text about a nightmare over the Atlantic in the context of air travel
  • To provide accuracy speaking practice in a conversation in the context of air


Lead-in (2-3 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

Clarify the meaning of incident and ask if they have ever travelled on a plane, if they are afraid of flying.

Exposure (6-8 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through a text or situation

Tell them that they will read a text about an incident that happened during a flight.Ask them to read the text quickly and try to understand what exactly happened and what was the problem during the flight. Discuss in pairs and then they share their answers.

Highlighting (2-4 minutes) • To draw students' attention to the target language

Ask them to read the text again and choose the right form of the verbs from 1 to 9. Peercheck and then show the answers on the board.

Clarification (12-14 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language

Ask them which tenses we use to talk about past and then show the timelines to make a revision of simple past, past continuous and past perfect tenses. Show two sentences from the text in exercise c "The pilot was very experienced and had flown this route many times before." and "When the announcement was made the plane had been flying for about three hours." Ask the difference between "had flown" and "had been flying". Discuss in pairs and share the answers. Focus on Past Perfect continues and explain where to use it. Ask them to focus on the form of the verbs and tell the rule for them. After eliciting the answers, write the rule for both past perfect and pas perfect continious tenses. Ask them what the first tense is and as they have learnt it they will answer and then ask them to guess the past perfect continious tense. If they cannot guess it, tell that we call this tense as past perfect continous. Ask them to write the verbs to the right group according to the pronunciation of the past participle form of them in pairs. They listen to the the answers and chek theirs. They listen to an extract from a text and focus on the stress and rhytm and read it again. A few of the students try it.

Controlled Practice (8-10 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

Ask them to do the exercises a and b individually and then compare their answers with their partners. Show the answer key on the board and ask if they agree or not.

Semi-Controlled Practice (5-7 minutes) • To concept check further and prepare students for free practice

Show them the sentence halves in part 6 exercise e and ask them to complete them by using narrative tenses in four different ways. They do it in groups and then share their answers.

Free Practice (6-8 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

Ask them if they have had a strange incident while travelling by plane. In goups they share their experiences by using narrative tenses. A few student share what they have discussed with whole class.

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