Jeffrey Albertson Jeffrey Albertson

Reading about the history of sandwiches
A1/A2 level


In this lesson, the Ss will practice their receptive skills of reading for gist and reading for detail in the context of a short history of sandwiches. They will practice speaking by trying to sell each other on their imaginary new sandwich.


Abc Photos for HO1 matching in Gist Reading
Abc HO1 Reading Text
Abc HO2 Task for Reading for Detail
Abc HO3 Worksheet and instructions for Speaking activity
Abc Powerpoint Slideshow

Main Aims

  • To provide gist and detailed reading practice using a text about sandwich ideas in the context of the history of sandwiches

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide fluency speaking practice in a conversation in the context of selling each other on their sandwich ideas


Lead-in (3-5 minutes) • To set lesson context (sandwiches from across history and cultures) and help students be prepared even for the speaking task at the end

T will play a 2:21 minute youtube video of 13 sandwiches from around the world. The video shows the variation possible in the category of sandwiches, the freedom of creativity of the designers of each one, and will whet the Ss taste buds for the rest of the lesson. I will give them this task before they watch it: "What is the funniest sandwich?" OC FB of their answers.

Introduce text (1-2 minutes) • To prepare students for the text

T will introduce the text by asking OC, "Who do you think made the first sandwich ever?" "Would you like to know?" We are going to read a text about the history of the sandwich, but first I want to go over some words in the text.

Pre-teach vocab (5-6 minutes) • To make sure the students will be able to understand the text well

T will use PP with photos of the vocab to elicit the words. As I take the words from them, or if they are new to them, I show them, we will drill the pronunciation.

Ask for Prediction of the text (1-1 minutes) • To generate attention to the history in the text

As T is about to hand out the text, I will ask, "What year do you think the first sandwich was made?"

Set an easier reading task of reading for gist. (1-2 minutes) • To give the students a reason to read.

T will project the text on the w/b, and instruct how to match the photo to each section as they quickly read the text. T will remind Ss that they will read individually.

Reading for Gist and match photos (4-5 minutes) • To help Ss practice with understanding the gist quickly and showing it

Ss will read the text quickly (3 minutes) and match the photos to each section as they read. Afterwards, T will instruct them to pair check quickly. T will elicit answers and then show them on the board.

Reading for detail task (12-14 minutes) • To give the students a reason to read deeper.

T will give chested instructions of the HO2 with the essay type questions concerning each person in the text and their connection to the sandwich. Find the names below in the text. Read the text about them again slowly. Answer the questions alone. Take 10 minutes." Demo: "For example, Hillel the Elder." Elicit what he did. ICQs? Will you do this alone or in pairs? Will you write one word or 3-4 words? Will you write what they did or what it was called? Ss will read and answer for 10 minutes. T will have Ss check each others' answers. T will ask for answers and show possible answers on w/b.

Speaking semi-controlled practice (11-13 minutes) • To provide with an opportunity to respond to the text in a personal way

T will introduce the speaking game. "Now, it is our turn to think of a new sandwich. I will give you a paper. You can think of a new sandwich. Think of what kind of bread it will have. Think of what you want on it. For example, (Powerpoint of my sandwich idea.) Then next slide to show pictures of common things. T will give HO3. Think and write for 4 minutes. T will monitor. T will instruct Ss what to do next. "When I tell you, not now, stand up and 1. Tell your friends about your new sandwich. 2. Ask them if they like your sandwich. 3. Tell them why they should buy your sandwich. 4. Ask them to buy it from you. 5. Everyone must buy one sandwich from someone. After 6 minutes of speaking, T will have the Ss sit again and will ask them what sandwich they bought. T will give delayed feedback on errors he heard.

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