Ekin Göktan Ekin Göktan

Time Expressions
Beginner level


In this lesson, ss learn time expressions and make questions with "how often" to ask about habits and routines. They will practice the use of time expressions through preparing a survey.


Abc Grammar and Speaking
Abc 8 fragments to make sentences

Main Aims

  • The aim is to use time expressions and make questions with "how often" to ask about habits and routines.

Subsidiary Aims

  • The sub-aim is speaking by preparing a survey with "How often" and answering them with time expressions.


Warmer/Lead-in (4-5 minutes) • To talk about habits and routines by using time expressions

T introduces the word "habit" and reminds time expressions by using the following statements and questions: "Turkish people NEVER wear shoes at home.", It is a habit in Turkey. "We drink tea in the morning, in the afternoon and after dinner, so we drink tea THREE TIMES A DAY" "I eat eggs for breakfast three times a week. It is my eating habit. How often do you eat eggs?", "I get up late at weekends (saturdays and sundays), I get up late twice a week". It is my sleeping habit. How often do you get up late?" I go to a restaurant once a month. How often do you go to a restaurant?

Clarifying the meaning of TL (4-5 minutes) • To clarify the meanings of time expressions by placing them in a cline.

T gives the first HO and ss try to complete the diagram from never to every day. Ss check their answers in pairs. T gives FB on the WB.

Highlighting (5-6 minutes) • To draw students' attention to the target language "How often?"

T hands out 4 pairs of question fragments and gives another 4 pairs of answer. Ss put the words in correct order. T puts first the correct order of questions on the WB and then the answers. Therefore, ss will be able to put the sentences in order and they will match the answers to questions. Ss check their answers in pairs.

Clarification (6-7 minutes) • To clarify the form and pronunciation of time expressions and use of "how often" question

T elicits and writes the form on the WB for clarification. I eat at a restaurant once a month. I/You/We/They + verb + noun +every/once a/twice a/three times a ...+ day/week/month/year. He goes swimming three times a week. He/She + verb + noun + every/once a/twice a/three times a ...+ day/week/month/year. Question word Auxiliary verb Subject Verb How often do/does you/theyhe/she have coffee?

Controlled Practice (6-7 minutes) • To prepare students for speaking

In this stage, Ss will complete the questions with the given verbs (exercise 2 - family -sleeping habits). Ss check their answers in pairs. T only writes the key words on the WB. Ss will listen and drill the phrases on the WB: See your parents, Talk on the phone, Wake up after eleven, Sleep eight hours, Demo: T: See your parents Ss: How often do you see your parents?

Semi-Controlled Speaking Practice (10-15 minutes) • To practice speaking using TL

Ss prepare 5 questions in pairs. Three of the prompts are given, ss will make 2 more questions by themselves. T checks and corrects questions while monitoring. Then, ss ask the questions they prepared to 5 of the classmates. In their answers, ss will use the given time expressions.(every day / every week/ once/ twice/ three times a day/ ....times a week/ ....times a month/.....times a year/ never) Ss will tell the results of the survey to the WC. For example: One person drinks coffee every day. Two people eats in a restaurant twice a week.

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