Ehsan Morshedloo Ehsan Morshedloo

Times Past
Beginner (A) level


Main Aims

  • To provide clarification and practice of was/were in the context of Times past

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide detailed listening practice using a text about People'birth dates


Warm up/ Lead in (3-5 minutes) • To generate interest in the theme of the lesson.

The warm up stage starts by showing the students the pictures of some famous people in their country in order to trigger their interests in the subject. Then, the teacher elicits the meaning of the word "famous" writes and have repetition drill with the class. After that, they are asked to tell their partners the names of some other famous people they know.I ask some of them to name the famous people they have talked.

Listening for detail information (4-6 minutes) • Was/were

I show the pictures of Jane Austen and Luciano Pavarotti via the projector to grab their attention and ask the pupils if they know these guys. After getting students' ideas, I hand out the sheets of paper to them including the same pictures they have already seen through the projector. They are instructed to guess the birth dates of Jane Austen and Luciano Pavarotti and then listen to the audio once or twice (if demanded) to find out the answers. They are asked to check their answers with their classmates . I ask two of the students to come to the board and write their answers.In addition, I check comprehension of "writer, south, and north as well as the words: Hamoshire and Modena as names of two cities.

Highlighting the target language (10-12 minutes) • Was/were

I write "Jane Austen, the English writer, was born in 1775 in Hampsshire in the south of England" and highlight "was born" and ask students does it refer to "future, present or past" then, I write subject pronouns as "I, you, he, she, it, we, they" and have repetition drill with the pupils.I give them a paper including a chart of the verb "to be" and ask them to complete and check with their partners. Then the chart is presented via the video projector and students are called to come and write their answers on the board.

clarifying the target language (4-5 minutes) • Was/were

It is also said that was/were are the past form of verb "to be"that is used for the past sentences.Then, they are encouraged to reproduce the weak form of schwa in "was/were" with correct intonation and sentence stress.

Language Practice (17-19 minutes) • Controlled and freer practice to use the language accurately and productively

Sheets of paper including two exercises of was /were are handed out to students and instructed to do the activities. Students compare their answers in pairs and listen to the audio for checking their answers.Then, I ask them to mingle and interview different classmates and ask questions about the dates of birth of their brothers, sisters, mothers, fathers, parents, etc. As a final step, students should tell the whole class what they have learned about their partners.

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