Sevde Sevde

Create and Inspire - past simple and past continuous
Pre-Intermediate level


In this lesson, students will be learning about the past continuous and past simple tense through the context of music. The first lesson will therefore start with a short discussion about different types of music and how they can be described using adjectives. Students will then be do a short matching exercise from the book followed by a teacher-made Guided Discovery Task. Once the grammar points are clarified in terms of meaning, form and pronunciation, students will move on to do a controlled practice exercise. The second part of the lesson will include students reading the previous 3 anecdotes and correcting the sentences in exercise 5 according to what they read. The final part of the lesson will be a game designed for students to practice the affirmative, negative and question forms of the past continuous tense.


Abc matching exercise
Abc Controlled Practice
Abc Controlled Practice 2
Abc Exercise 5
Abc Free practice
Abc Guided Discovery Task
Abc Music

Main Aims

  • To provide clarification and practice for the past simple and past continuous tense in the context of music

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide accuracy speaking practice in a transformation drill exercise in the context of music


Lead-in (5-6 minutes) • Providing a smooth lead-in into the lesson

- T starts the lesson by asking students to tell her the different music types they could remember and writes them down on the board - Ss will then be asked to describe those music types using adjectives (examples can be given if needed) - T then plays the first, second and third music one after the other and asks Ss to describe the music they have just listened to (some adjectives can be elicited if necessary)

Setting the context (6-7 minutes) • Set the context of the lesson for the upcoming grammar lesson

"Open your books to page 32 and read the anecdotes. You have 3-4 minutes to read them and match them to the related picture." -WCFB - Ss will then be asked to describe the main idea of each anecdote with 1 sentence

Guided Discovery Task (12-15 minutes) • Grammar clarification in terms of meaning, form and pronunciation

"You will now receive a HO in which you will have to follow each instruction step by step in order to reach the solution. You can work with your partner. You have 7-8 minutes." ICQ's: " Can you work with your friend or do you have to do it alone?" - T distributes the HO and monitors Ss while they are working - After 6 minutes, the T presents the marker Sentences from the previous anecdotes (1. While George was sitting alone on the train, he suddenly got the idea for his famous work, Rhapsody in Blue - 2. Breethoven was passing a small house when he heard one of his compositions) on the board and clarifies grammar points - Grammar rule is set and Ss move on to the controlled exercise

Controlled Practice (7-8 minutes) • for Ss to practice the past simple and past continuous tense

"Now look at page 33 exercise 6. As you can see there are gaps and words written in parenthesis. You are expected to complete the sentences using the correct form of the past simple or past continuous. You can work in pairs. You have around 4-5 minutes. ICQ's: Are you going to circle or fill in the gaps? Can you work with your partner or no? -WCFB

Controlled Practice 2 (7-8 minutes) • to further improve Ss understanding and practice for the grammar points

"Now you can look at the next exercise, exercise 7. This is again similar to the previous one you just did. You will fill in the gaps with the correct form of the verb given. You can work with your partner. You have around 4-5 minutes." - WCFB

Controlled Exercise (16-18 minutes) • to practice the affirmative and negative form of the past continuous tense

"Lets go back to Ex. 5. There are 6 sentences here that are wrong. You will go back to the anecdotes on page 32 and correct the sentences given by changing the wrong word in the sentence. You have around 3-4 minutes." - Ss check their answers in pairs "Now I want you to form the affirmative and negative forms of these sentences. For example, (T does one example on the board for clarification). You can work with your partner. You have around 8-10 minutes." -WCFB

Semi Controlled Practice (10-15 minutes) • to practice accuracy for the affirmative, negative and question forms of the past continuous tense

- T shows the presentation she has prepared and explains instructions "You will be given parts of a sentence and will be asked to form a sentence that's either in an affirmative, a negative or a question form. For the affirmative, you will see a "+" sign, a "-" sign for negative and a "?" for the question form." (T models while explaining) -Ss are grouped to be around 6-8 students in each group. The group members will work together throughout the game "There are 9 questions. You will work with your group members. The group that gives the answer will be noted on the board. The group who has the most points will be the winner." ICQ's: How many questions are there? Do you work with your group members or alone? The game takes around 10-12 mintues WCFB after each sentence

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