Nisha Nisha

Present perfect
Elementary3 level


In this lesson, students are introduced to the present perfect tense. The topic of films based on books is the context used to introduce this topic. The focus of the lesson is on sentence structure using common irregular past participle verbs to form the present perfect tense. The pronunciation focus is on sentence stress.


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Main Aims

  • To introduce and provide clarification, review and practice of the present perfect tense using common irregular verbs.
  • To provide

Subsidiary Aims

  • To focus on pronunciation: sentence stress through listening and speaking activities using the present perfect tense.


Warmer/Lead-in (5-8 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

Ask students to look at the pictures of films in the book. Ask: What is common between all these films? They are based on books. Have you seen any of them? Have you read any of the books?

Test #1 (10-15 minutes) • To gauge students' prior knowledge of the target language

Listen to the conversation ex 1B. Ask: What 2 things are the going to do tonight? Ask students to read the text .Ex 1C. Highlight a few sentences : . I'm a bit tired. I've read the book. focus on the second sentence. When did she read the book? Introduce the present perfect with a brief grammar presentation on the flipchart.

Teach (25-30 minutes) • To clarify areas of the target language where students had difficulty in the first test stage

Use the grammar presentation on the flip to explain and clarify use of the present perfect and difference between the past simple. Highlight use of the present perfect tense in positive, negative and question forms. Focus on the vocabulary section of the lesson. Ask students to complete the table. Listen and check.

Test #2 (12-15 minutes) • Check students' use of the target language again and compare with the first test

Use the grammar bank exercises (Students' book-pg147,12A-exercises a and b for controlled practice. Check answers. Clarify doubts. Use exercise c on the same page as a speaking activity to gauge understanding of target language. Pg 93 exercise 3d: Ask students to complete the sentences/questions using the past participle irregular verbs in table 3a.

Exposure and language practice (10-12 minutes) • To focus on sentence stress and pronunciation

Use the pronunciation activity under 2a to focus on sentence stress. Listen , copy and repeat the dialogue. Introduce the use of ever/ never using the flipchart.

Free practice (20-25 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

Use the speaking and listening activity under 4a for free practice. Focus on the accuracy of the target language and the sentence stress. Feedback and questions.

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