Eda Hayal Eda Hayal

Modals lesson
Elementary, A1 level


In this lesson, Students learn about modal verbs through a guided discovery. The lesson starts with unscrambling the sentences. This is followed by some other exercises where students find out the modals and recognize them. Finally, there is a semi-controlled practice through a questionnaire and freer writing practice.


Abc Questionnaire Handout
Abc Unscramble - Handout

Main Aims

  • To provide clarification, review and practice of modal verbs in the context of people

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide clarification, review and practice of language used for making requests, talking about possibilities, abilities in the context of people


Warmer/Lead-in (3-5 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

Can you can a can? How fast can you run? How much can you sleep? How long can you play video games? How many words can you say in a sentence? Class discussion

Exposure (3-4 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through a text or situation

T handout the unscramble sentences. Ss unscramble the sentences and be exposed to the grammar structure directly.

Highlighting (2-4 minutes) • To draw students' attention to the target language

T writes the unscrambled sentences on the board ang higlights the structure of "can" and "can't" / "cannot" T gets the answers from the class feedback

Clarification (8-10 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language

T gets ss recognize the meaning of "can" for possibility, "can" for ability, "can" for requests through the examples from the ppt.

Controlled Practice (8-10 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

T shows ss nine fill in the blanks questions and two complete the dialogues questions through ppt presentation. Ss work on can/can't.

Semi-Controlled Practice (5-6 minutes) • To concept check further and prepare students for free practice

T first introduces the question and the short form answers. (Can you play the piano? Yes, I can / No I can't.) Then, Teacher hands out a simple questionnaire with 10 questions about abilities. Ss interview each other and collect answers. T sets a time limit: 5 minutes

Free Practice (4-5 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

Ss write up a short report based on their questionnaire results. Leyla can cook, but she can't play football.

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